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Waffen SS red fez acquired by a US soldier following the liberation of Dachau concentration camp

Object | Accession Number: 1992.73.1

Red fez with a swastika and Death's head given to Lt. Colonel Lee Israel by a German camp guard immediately after the liberation of the camp by US troops on April 29, 1945. Lt. Col. Israel gave it to Richard Price n the circa 1950s. The red fez was part of the dress uniform of a Waffen-SS military detachment composed of Muslims from Bosnia, Croatia, and Herzegovina in occupied Yugoslavia, with one division from Albania. There was a green/field gray fez for the combat uniform. The creation of this unit was authorized by Hitler in 1943. The original purpose was to combat Tito’s partisans. Through recruitment and conscription, the unit had 26,000 soldiers within a few months. The group was commanded by German or ethnic German officers, and the uniforms were designed to reflect the religion/ethnicity of the recruits.

received:  1945 April 29
received: Dachau (Concentration camp) after liberation; Dachau (Germany)
Dress Accessories
Object Type
Fezes (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Anthony T. Price
Record last modified: 2023-08-28 08:10:52
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