Friedrich Haas identification card
Identification card issued to Friedrich Haas by the Guvernamántul Transnistiei Directia Industriei Turnatoria din Moghilev, dated September 10, 1943
1943 September 10
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum collection, gift of Friedrich Haas
Record last modified: 2021-05-25 15:17:35
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn710370
Also in Friedrich Haas collection
The collection consists of a lighter and an identification card relating to the experiences of Friedrich Haas in Transnistria during the Holocaust.
Engraved lighter made by Friedrich Haas while he was a forced laborer in the Jagendorf Foundry in Moghilev (now Mohyliv-Podil’s’kyi Ukraine), an area located in Romanian-controlled Transnistria, from 1941 to 1944. The workers made lighters for Romanian and German officials, but also a few for themselves. Friedrich melted down one of his mother’s silver spoons to create the plating for his lighter case. Friedrich was living in Cernauti, (now, Chernivtsi, Ukraine) with his parents, Bernard and Lotte, and his three brothers, Norbert, Ignatz, and Adolph when it was ceded by Romania to the Soviet Union in 1940. In June 1941, Romanian and German forces occupied the city as part of the larger invasion of the Soviet Union. Norbert fled the city with the Soviet forces. Friedrich and his family were forced to abandon their home and relocate to the recently established ghetto. Soon after they were deported to Transnistria, and then sent to a ghetto in Moghilev. Bernard contracted typhus and died in 1943. Ignatz and Friedrich worked as forced laborers in the Jagendorf Foundry, which provided them with a meal a day and some protection from the authorities for their family. Soviet forces liberated Moghilev on March 20, 1944. Ignatz and Friedrich each returned to Romania independently, and their mother and Adolph followed later. Norbert was killed in combat as a Soviet army paratrooper in 1944. After the war ended, the family went to Austria. All three brothers worked as guides, leading Holocaust survivors from Innsbruck to Italy for the Bricha so they could immigrate to Israel as part of the Aliya Bet. In 1948, the family immigrated to Israel, and in 1961, Friedrich came to the United States.