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Antoni Stefan Koper and Sophie Koper papers

Document | Accession Number: 2019.268.6

The collection documents the wartime and post-war experiences of Antoni Stefan Koper, an active member of the Polish Resistance during the German occupation of Warsaw, and his wife Sophie Koper, whom he rescued from the Warsaw ghetto and served as a nurse during the Warsaw Uprising. Included are Antoni’s wartime identification cards, post-war documents from the Polish Armoured Division, letters from Sophie written to him while imprisoned in Oflag II D at Gross Born, personal narratives, and photographs. Papers of Sophie include wartime documents bearing her false identity of Zofia Jabłońska, personal narratives, and materials related to her efforts to get Antoni recognized as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem in 1990.

Biographical material of Antoni Koper includes his wartime Polish identification cards, post-war Polish Armoured Division documents and forms, a Ministry of Labour and National Service application, notes from his studies to learn English in 1947, and photocopies of his obituary. Biographical materials of Sophie Koper primarily consist of wartime identification documents and forms bearing the name of her false identity, Zofia Jabłońska, including an affidavit stating that her identification card had been stolen, possibly used to obtain a duplicate document, and a document stating that she was working for the Red Cross. Other materials include a Certificate of Honor awarded by Yad Vashem posthumously to Antoni as a Righteous Among the Nations, and materials from the Jewish Community Federation recognizing him for his actions during the Holocaust.

Correspondence includes wartime postcards and a letter sent to Antoni from Sophie while he was a prisoner of war in Oflag II D at Gross Born in 1944-1945, and letters from Sophie to Yad Vashem regarding the museum recognizing him as Righteous Among the Nations as well as letters of support from Paulina Krystny Zulawska, Alice Lovell, and someone identified as Bronka.

Writings include a clipping, a biography of Sophie’s Holocaust experiences authored by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, a biography of Antoni authored by Sophie, and personal narratives of Antoni and Sophie. Antoni’s personal narrative describes the Warsaw Uprising, and Sophie’s describes the ghetto experiences of a friend, Janek Goldman, and his wife Janka and son Yulka. There is also an essay by Antoni describing in detail the process and techniques used in the creation of forged documents by the Polish Underground during World War II. This document is undated but post-war and likely aimed at Polish citizens living under Communism in the late 1950s or 1960s.

Photographs consist of post-war depictions of Antoni and Sophie with the Polish Press Corp in Quakenbrück, Germany.

inclusive:  1943-1999
1 box
1 oversize folder
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Peter Koper
Record last modified: 2023-03-30 15:12:18
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