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Łódź (Litzmannstadt) ghetto scrip, 10 mark coin

Object | Accession Number: 1993.159.4

10 mark Litzmannstadt coin owned by Mieczyslaw Watnicki, although when or how he acquired it is unknown. This type of coin was issued in Łódź Ghetto in German occupied Poland in 1943. Currency was not allowed in the ghetto, and scrip was issued for use only there. After Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, Mieczyslaw lived in Warsaw under a false identity as a non-Jew. He was arrested in late 1940 for falsifying identity papers, but the Gestapo did not discover that he was Jewish. He was sent to Auschwitz as a Polish political prisoner and assigned prisoner number 137605. In late 1944 or early 1945, Mieczyslaw was sent to Oranienburg slave labor camp in Germany. He was later sent to Sachenhausen, Porta Westfalica, Stendal, Fehrbellin, and Ludwigslust, likely on a death march. Mieczyslaw was liberated in May 1945. Mieczyslaw’s wife, parents and four siblings were killed in the Holocaust. He immigrated to America in 1950. He became friends with Leon Ginsburg and at some point, entrusted him with his concentration camp uniform. Ginsburg, as a child, survived the Holocaust in hiding in Poland and Ukraine.

issue:  1943
issue: Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland); Łódź (Poland)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Leon Ginsburg
Record last modified: 2022-01-26 16:20:37
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