Brown leather belt worn by a Jewish Polish inmate at Buchenwald concentration camp
1945 January-1945 April
Buchenwald (Concentration camp);
Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
- Object Type
Belts (Clothing) (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Nathan M. Appel
Brown leather belt worn by 21 year old Zelig Appel when he was a prisoner in Buchenwald concentration camp from January 1945 to April 1945. He was issued uniform pants that were too large for him, so he traded two pieces of bread for a Soviet prisoner’s belt. As he lost weight, he had to add holes with the sharpened end of a spoon. In early 1940, a few months after the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, Zelig’s town, Stary Sacz, was ghettoized and Zelig was sent to Tegoborze forced labor camp. In June, he was sent to an SS training camp, Rabka. In August 1942, Zelig returned to the ghetto to say goodbye to his parents and siblings, who were to be transported to a concentration camp when the ghetto was liquidated. At the end of 1942, Zelig was transported to Krakow ghetto. He told the guards that he was a carpenter and was transferred to Plaszow concentration camp. In November 1943, he was transferred to Ostrowiec forced labor camp. In July 1944, Zelig was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau and tattooed with prisoner number B-3964. In January 1945, he was sent on a forced march to Gleiwitz, and then put on a train to Buchenwald, where he was assigned prisoner number 123367. On April 11, the camp was liberated, and Zelig was transferred to Buchenwald displaced persons camp. In August, he managed to join his younger cousin Murray on a children’s transport to Switzerland. In August 1946, Zelig left for Italy where he contracted typhus. While recuperating in Cinecitta DP camp, his American cousin, Louis Korn, contacted him and sponsored his immigration to the US, where he arrived in August 1949.
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:23:57
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn76787
Also in Stanley Appel family collection
The collection consists of a belt, documents, and photographs relating to the experiences of Stanley (Zelig) Appel and his family in prewar Stary Sacz, Poland, of Stanley’s experiences during the Holocaust while incarcerated in several camps, and ater the Holocaust in Germany, Switzerland, and Italy.
Date: approximately 1924-approximately 1950
Collection of photographs depicting members of the Appel family before the war in Stary Sacz, Poland and after the war in Germany and Italy. Also includes documents issued after the war, and copies of Mr. Appel's birth certificate.