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Kingmark silver and red pin commemorating the Danish king's 70th birthday acquired by Louise Lawrence-Israels

Object | Accession Number: 2014.311.1

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    Brief Narrative
    Commemorative Kingmark buttonhole pin acquired by Louise Lawrence-Israels. It was issued in honor of the 70th birthday of King Christian X of Denmark on August 21, 1940. It has the King’s initials, the years 1870-1940, and the Danish flag. Christian remained in Copenhagen during the German occupation (4/1940-5/1945) and the Kingmark became a popular symbol of Danish independence, patriotism, and solidarity. Germany occupied the Netherlands in May 1940.
    commemoration:  1940 September 26
    creation: Copenhagen (Denmark)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Louise Lawrence-Israels
    front, center, engraved : X partially encircled by C
    front, lower left and right, inlaid : 1870 1940
    reverse, lower left, maker’s mark, engraved : G within J in a square [Georg Jensen]
    reverse, lower right, silver hallmark, engraved : 925
    Manufacturer: Georg Jensen
    Designer: Arno Malinowski
    Previous owner: Louise Lawrence-Israels
    Louise Israels was born in Haarlem, the Netherlands, in 1942. German forces had invaded the Netherlands in May 1940 and set up a German administration. The Nazi's also confiscated the family business. By the time Louise was born, anti-Semetic laws were enacted and Jews were forced to wear a yellow star. By July of 1942 deportations of Jews from the Netherlands to the extermination camps of Auschwitz and Sobibor had begun.

    In January 1943 Louise and her family were ordered to move to Amsterdam, and shortly thereafter went into hiding to escape deportation. Louise's father managed to rent a top floor apartment and acquired false identification papers for the family. Louise's father had to leave the apartment after curfew to get food and medicine for the family; sometimes he brought home news about the war.

    Louise's parents tried to give their children a "normal" childhood in hiding; playing and learning colors, letters, and songs. It was in this apartment that Louise learned to walk. When air raid alarms sounded, the family took refuge on the steep staircase, the strongest and safest part of an Amsterdam row house. Louise's mother had an emergency basket ready to take with them during air raids.

    On May 5, 1945, Canadian forces liberated Amsterdam. Louise was three years old. Louise initially had difficulty adjusting to a world without walls, having never been outside for the duration of the hiding. After the war, the family did not talk about their life in hiding. Shortly thereafter Louise's father found work in Stockholm, Sweden; Louise, her mother, brother and baby sister joined him during the winter of 1946. The Israels family moved back to the Netherlands in 1948. Louise earned a degree in physical therapy in the Netherlands and in 1965 she married Sidney Z. Lawrence, an American medical student in Amsterdam. They moved to the United States in 1967. After Sidney retired from the U.S. military in 1994, they settled in Bethesda, Maryland. Louise volunteers at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

    Physical Details

    Pins (Jewelry)
    Object Type
    Lapel pins (aat)
    Physical Description
    Cast sterling silver rectangular pin soldered to a crescent shaped buttonhole backing. In the center is a silver shield with an engraved crest, an X within a C over a silver cross with red enamel paint at the corners which represents the Danish flag. In the lower corner are casts of the dates 1870 and 1940. A cast of the Danish royal crown is attached to the top of the pin. On the reverse is a maker’s mark and a silver hallmark.
    overall: Height: 1.000 inches (2.54 cm) | Width: 0.500 inches (1.27 cm) | Depth: 0.250 inches (0.635 cm)
    overall : sterling silver, enamel

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The Kingmark pin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2014 by Louise Lawrence-Israels.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-29 13:06:26
    This page:

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