Bakelite Star of David button worn by a Bulgarian Jewish woman
approximately 1942 August-1944 October
- Object Type
Star of David badges (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Tal Eshaya Westman
Star of David button, made of Bakelite, worn by Rashel Hasson Eshaya to identify her as a Jew from 1942 to 1944 in Burgas, Bulgaria. When Bulgaria joined the Axis alliance in March 1941, Rashel was living in Burgas with her husband Haim. In June 1941, Haim was taken to be a forced laborer and was interned in three labor camps in Bulgaria. Rashel remained at home managing their textile business. In late August 1942, Jews were required to wear small Star of David buttons. Rashel was at risk of being deported to a concentration camp as the German government pressured Bulgarian authorities to deport its Jews. The deportations were canceled in May 1943 due to resistance from Bulgarian politicians, intellectuals and clergy. Haim was liberated in September 1944.
Record last modified: 2023-06-13 16:15:31
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn77407
Also in Rashel and Haim Eshaya collection
The collection consists of a Star of David button and four photographs relating to the experiences of Rashel and Haim Eshaya before the Holocaust in Burgas, Bulgaria, during the Holocaust in Gradeshnitsa, where Haim was a forced laborer, and after the Holocaust in Burgas.
Photographs (4), consisting of images that depict Rashel and Haim Eshaya (donor's paternal grandparents) in Ruse, Bulgaria, between 1937 and 1944. Includes an identification photograph of Rashel Hasson Eshaya, dated 1937, two photographs of Haim and Rashel Eshaya, from 1937 and 1944, and a photograph of three men at a forced labor camp for Jews, in Gradeshnitsa, Bulgaria, wtih Haim Eshaya seated in the middle, 1943. Abraham Eshaya (donor's father) was born in 1947 in Bulgaria and soon after that, the Eshaya family immigrated to Israel.