Henry F. Kahn collection of Holocaust-era mail
1 oversize folder
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Henry Kahn, in memory of his grandmother Hedwig Kahn, who like millions of others, had no memorial for her death during the Holocaust
The Henry F. Kahn collection of Holocaust-era mail primarily consists of envelopes, letters, postcards, and philatelic materials Kahn collected between approximately 1945 and 1985. The materials document mail systems in and around Holocaust-era ghettos and concentration camps and, by extension, the survivors and victims who passed through them or perished in them. Kahn arranged the materials in three annotated scrapbooks, providing context and history for the ghettos, camps, and mail systems. Most of the materials date from the 1930s and 1940s while the reproductions and commentary date from Kahn's collecting period. Particularly well-documented individuals in the collection include Hedwig Kahn, Emil Cohn, Alfred Schwarzbaum, Lina Pereles, and Albert Christel. Particularly well-documented camps include Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Dachau, Ferramonti, Sachsenhausen, Theresienstadt, and Westerbork. Particularly well-documented ghettos include Bendsburg, Łódź, Theresienstadt, and Warsaw.
Record last modified: 2018-01-13 20:41:22
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn77424
Also in Henry F. Kahn collection
The collection consists of an MS St Louis demitasse spoon, envelopes, letters, postcards, and philatelic materials collected between approximately 1945 and 1985 by Henry F. Kahn, who fled Nazi Germany in January 1939 for the United States.
Gilded demitasse spoon with an engraved ship image and enamel company logo used prewar on the MS St. Louis. This German ocean liner has become a symbol of the world's, and especially the United States, indifference to the fate of Jews in a Europe dominated by Nazi Germany. On May 13, 1939, the ship left Hamburg, Germany, for Havana, Cuba, with 937 passengers, nearly all Jews fleeing Germany. In Havana, only 28 people were allowed to disembark. For a week, the ship remained in port, amid desperate negotiations with Cuban and US authorities. On June 2, it was forced to leave. It drifted for 5 days near the Florida coast until all pleas to the US were rejected, due to strict quota limits and isolationist sentiment. It docked in Antwerp, Belgium, on June 17. Jewish aid organizations had negotiated with European governments to admit the passengers rather than return them to Germany. All those admitted to the United Kingdom, 288, survived; nearly half of those admitted to Belgium, France, and the Netherlands, 278, survived; the rest perished.