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Engraved silver cup given to Erwin Rösener by Heinrich Himmler

Object | Accession Number: 2014.198.1

Silver cup engraved with the names of Erwin Rösener and Heinrich Himmler and SS bolts, manufactured by the A. Frisch firm in Oslo, Norway. Rösener joined the SA in 1926, and was accepted into the SS in 1930. He quickly advanced through the ranks, and was promoted nine times between 1930 and 1944. Rösener attained the rank of Gruppenführer (Major General) on November 9, 1941, and his final rank of Obergruppenführer (Lieutenant General) on August 1, 1944. On December 16, 1941, he was assigned to be the Higher SS and Police Leader for Upper Section Alpenland, which was located in southern Austria and bordered Axis-occupied territory of Slovenia in northern Yugoslavia. Rösener reported directly to Himmler, and part of his responsibilities included fighting the incursions of local Yugoslav partisans, which spilled over into Alpenland in February and March of 1943. From October 1944 until the end of the war, he was the head of anti-Partisan warfare in Ljubljana, Slovenia. While in Slovenia, Rösener ordered the execution of civilians, hostages, and prisoners-of-war. Following the end of the war in May 1945, Rösener escaped to Austria, where he was captured by British forces. He was extradited back to Slovenia, where he was put on trial for war crimes. Himmler was captured by Soviet soldiers on May 20, and committed suicide on May 23, 1945. Rösener was sentenced to death on August 30, 1946 and executed on September 4.

Date
commemoration:  1943 February 18
Geography
manufacture: Oslo (Norway)
Language
German
Classification
Containers
Category
Metal containers
Genre/Form
Tableware.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Charles Koteen and Lisa Koteen Gerchick
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:27:01
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn78123