Oral history interview with Leslie Aigner and Eva Aigner
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2009 October 27
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Leslie Aigner
Eva Aigner, born in 1937 in Košice, Czechoslovakia (Slovakia), discuss growing up in Czechoslovakia; the restrictions placed on Jews in Czechoslovakia; her family moving to Budapest, Hungary and her father having to do forced labor; experiencing antisemitism; conditions during the war; the death of her father; the deportation of her mother and her escape during the transport; Eva spending the last year of the war in the ghetto in Budapest; being marched to the river with other Jews to be shot and being rescued by her mother, who bribed a guard; and her mother’s message to her and her sister that they must make the most of their lives.
Leslie “Les” Aigner, born in 1929 in Czechoslovakia (possibly Nové Zámky, Slovakia), describes the importance of studying the Holocaust; the Hungarian takeover of his hometown; growing up in Czechoslovakia and experiencing antisemitism; his family moving to Budapest and joining them in 1943; being a machinist; being forced into the ghetto; forced labor in the ghetto; the Arrow Cross; being taken to an abandoned brick factory; being deported to Auschwitz in July 1944; working in a kitchen and witnessing the hanging of Soviet prisoners of war; being in lager E; human experimentation in the camp; the suicide of inmates on the electric fence and having to remove the bodies; hearing the explosion of the crematorium; his transfer to Landsberg; marching to Kaufering and being offered food by German civilians as they walked; contracting typhus; being transferred to Dachau and his train being bombed by the Allies; hiding in the woods before being recaptured and sent by train to Dachau on a train filled with corpses; being liberated from Dachau on April 29, 1945 by American troops; his feeling upon liberation; returning home and not finding any family; reuniting with his sister and father in Budapest; meeting Eva after the war; and getting married.
Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:37:56
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn78270
Also in Leslie and Eva Aigner collection
Consists of an oral history interview conducted by the University of Oregon with Leslie (Les) and Eva Aigner. The Aigners both grew up in Budapest, Hungary; Eva spent the last year of the war in the ghetto in Budapest, while Les was deported to Auschwitz, transferred to Landsberg-Kaufering, and ultimately liberated from Dachau. They met and married after the war. Also includes photocopies of documentation from the Auschwitz and Dachau memorials related to Les Aigner and a copy of a postcard he sent from Auschwitz.
Consists of photocopies of documentation from the Auschwitz and Dachau memorials related to Les Aigner and a copy of a postcard he sent from Auschwitz.