Autobiographical painting depicting a young girl and her parents as refugees in flight painted postwar by a Croatian Jewish woman
- Artwork Title
- Family escapes Yugoslavia in 1941
- Object Type
Portraits, Group (lcsh)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dina Pollak Gabos
Grayscale painting created by Dina Pollak Gabos in 1977, commemorating her family’s escape from Yugoslavia to Italy in December 1941. The Axis powers invaded Yugoslavia on April 6, 1941. Dina, age three, and her parents Otto and Rifka lived in Zagreb, which became part of Croatia and was ruled by the fascist anti-Semitic Ustasa regime. On April 28, Otto was sent by the Ustasa police to Kerestinec concentration camp, but was released in June. In October, the family fled to Italian controlled Ljubljana. They lived in hiding until they escaped to Italy in December 1941. The family lived as confined refugees in Valdobiadenne, Italy, from January 1942 until September 1943, when Italy was occupied by Germany after the Italians surrendered to the Allies. The Pollak family acquired false papers and fled to southern Italy. They were freed in July 1944, then lived in Santa Croce displaced persons camp in Bari. Rifka’s mother, eight siblings, and their families were all murdered in Croatia during the war. In 1950, Dina and her parents emigrated to New York.
Record last modified: 2018-02-26 15:00:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn78323
Also in Dina Pollak Gabos collection
The collection consists of a contemporary painting and photographs relating to the experiences of Dina Pollak Gabos, and her parents Otto and Rifka Pollak, who escaped Yugoslavia in 1941 and lived in hiding in Italy until 1944. Accretion: Painting: by Dina Gabos (donor); acrylic on paper; titled: “Sorrow”; dated: 1982; 28x19.5”; Calendar: issued by Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemet L’Israel) for the Hebrew year 5710 (1949-1950); with images of symbols of the State of Israel; map of the State of Israel and a list of new settlements founded by JNF in Israel. In Italian; Membership ID: issued by The Zionist Organization in the South of Italy to Rifka Pollak, donor’s mother; dated” July 1, 1945 in Hebrew and English; Photographs: depicting a group of Jewish Holocaust survivors posing with the sign “HIAS of America” on their way to Palestine; dated: 1945; Bari, Italy and a makeshift synagogue in Bari, Italy in 1945; Invitation: to luncheon for State of Israel Bonds and meeting the Foreign Minister of the State of Israel, Golda Meir; dated: December 9, 1956; New York City, US; Pin: with two enamel triangles, red and yellow, forming a Star of David; with a Hebrew inscription: “Association of Former Prisoners of Nazis in Israel”
Date: approximately 1930-1977
Five studio photographs depicting siblings of Rifka Musafia Pollak; Efraim, Solci, Rahela and Menashe.