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Bar of soap preserved by Czech Jewish concentration camp survivors

Object | Accession Number: 1988.73.1

Bar of soap brought home by returning concentration camp survivors to the temple in Kosice, Czechoslovakia, for proper burial. The soap was used in the concentration camp and the inmates believed that it was made from human fat, although this was not true. The soap was preserved by Ivan Kalina's father, a leading members of the Kosice congregation, who took it home for safeguarding and as a memory of the Holocaust. Ivan, 13 at the war's end, and his family had fled from Kosice to Hungary, after the 1938-39 collapse of Czechoslovakia. The family survived in hiding in Budapest using falsified Aryan identity documents from May 1944 until the city was liberated in February 1945. They returned to Kosice after the war ended in May 1945.

received:  after 1954 May
received: Kosice (Slovakia)
Object Type
Soap (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Ivan Kalina
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 21:51:25
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