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Woman's nightgown with lacework trim brought to the US by a Jewish Austrian refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2013.396.2

Woman’s white nightgown brought with Elsa Dukes when she, her husband, Alfred, and their 13 year old daughter, Gertrude, left Vienna, Austria, for the United States in July 1939. On March 13, 1938, Austria was annexed by Germany. Anti-Jewish policies forced Alfred out of his job as a government office manager. On November 10, during Kristallnacht, Alfred was arrested, while Elsa and Gertrude were taken to Gestapo headquarters and held for hours. Alfred was badly beaten but was released a week later on the condition that he leave Austria. Alfred and Elsa had no relatives to sponsor their immigration. Alfred began writing letters to people that might be able to help his family. He wrote a letter to the mayor of Hartford, Connecticut, who passed the request to a Jewish aid organization, which found a sponsor, Samuel Yaffo, for the family. On July 11, 1939, Alfred, Elsa, and Gertrude sailed to New York City and settled in Hartford. Most of their extended family perished in the Holocaust.

emigration:  1939 July
received: Vienna (Austria)
Clothing and Dress
Women's clothing
Object Type
Nightgowns (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dr. Elaine Fox
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:23:33
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