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Forced labor badge, yellow with a purple P, worn by a Catholic Polish soldier interned by the Germans

Object | Accession Number: 2013.397.2

Small yellow cloth patch with a purple P worn by Eugeniusz Wojtas, while a forced laborer in Germany from October 18, 1940 - April 4, 1945. Nazi Germany invaded Poland on September 1, and three weeks later, the Soviet Union invaded from the east. Eugeniusz, a Polish Catholic, was serving in the 43 Pulk Piechoty [Infantry Division) in Dubno and was captured by the Soviets on September 20. He was transferred to German custody on November 14, and interned in Stalag XIIIC in Hammelburg, Germany. From October 18, 1940, until his liberation by US troops on April 4, 1945, Eugeniusz was assigned to several labor battalions near Gemunden am Main in Bavaria. Post-liberation, he worked for the US military for nearly two years. He then moved to a displaced persons camp. On February 20, 1948, he married Irena Wojcik, also a Catholic, originally from Goluchiwice, Poland, in Wildflecken DP camp. Irena had been deported to Germany in April 1943 and assigned as forced laborer on a farm in Karlburg. The couple lived in Wildflecken and Heilbronn DP camps, where they had a daughter in 1948 and a son in 1950. In May 1951, the family emigrated to America.

use:  after 1940 October 18-before 1945 April 04
use: Bavaria (Germany)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Eugene and Irene Wojtas family
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:59:30
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