Forced labor badge, yellow with a purple P, worn by a Catholic Polish soldier interned by the Germans
after 1940 October 18-before 1945 April 04
- Object Type
Forced labor badges (ushmm)
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Eugene and Irene Wojtas family
Small yellow cloth patch with a purple P worn by Eugeniusz Wojtas, while a forced laborer in Germany from October 18, 1940 - April 4, 1945. Nazi Germany invaded Poland on September 1, and three weeks later, the Soviet Union invaded from the east. Eugeniusz, a Polish Catholic, was serving in the 43 Pulk Piechoty [Infantry Division) in Dubno and was captured by the Soviets on September 20. He was transferred to German custody on November 14, and interned in Stalag XIIIC in Hammelburg, Germany. From October 18, 1940, until his liberation by US troops on April 4, 1945, Eugeniusz was assigned to several labor battalions near Gemunden am Main in Bavaria. Post-liberation, he worked for the US military for nearly two years. He then moved to a displaced persons camp. On February 20, 1948, he married Irena Wojcik, also a Catholic, originally from Goluchiwice, Poland, in Wildflecken DP camp. Irena had been deported to Germany in April 1943 and assigned as forced laborer on a farm in Karlburg. The couple lived in Wildflecken and Heilbronn DP camps, where they had a daughter in 1948 and a son in 1950. In May 1951, the family emigrated to America.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:59:30
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn81106
Also in Eugene and Irene Wojcik Wojtas family collection
The collection consists of a forced labor badge, documents, and photographs relating to the experiences of Eugeniusz Wojtas and Irena Wojcik Wojtas, Roman Catholics who were persecuted in German occupied Poland during World War II when both Eugeniusz, a prisoner of war, and Irena, were assigned to forced labor in Germany, and, after the war, when they met and married as displaced persons.
Documents and photographs illustrating the experiences of Eugeniusz Wojtas, born in Medynia Glogowska, Poland and Irena Wójcik Wojtas, born in Goluchowice, Poland. The Wojtas, Roman Catholics, were persecuted by the Nazis during WWII. Eugeniusz was captured and held as a prisoner of war at Stalag XIIIA. Irena was a forced laborer in Karlstadt, Germany. They met and married as displaced persons and lived in Wildflecken and Heilbronn, Germany, where their children Elizabeth and Jan were born before the family immigrated to the United States.