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Buchenwald Standort-Kantine concentration camp scrip, 1 Reichsmark, issued to a Polish Jewish inmate

Object | Accession Number: 1993.34.7

Buchenwald Kantine scrip received by 31 year old Symcho Dymant while an inmate in Buchenwald concentration camp from December 24, 1944, to April 11, 1945. Scrip was issued in the camp as a means of improving worker productivity. This scrip and his jacket in this collection were the only objects he kept with him after the war. When Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, Symcho was living in Czestochowa with his wife Tonia and 3 year old son Aaron. The family was forced into the Jewish ghetto in April 1941. Symcho escaped and, because he spoke German, was able to get a civilian job in a German military installation by assuming the identity of a non-Jewish Polish person. In September 1942, Tonia, Aaron, and the rest of Symcho’s family were sent to Treblinka killing center. The SS discovered that Symcho was Jewish and he was deported to Buchenwald in Germany, arriving on December 24, 1944. He was assigned prisoner number 15349 and was a slave laborer in a nearby military factory. On April 11, 1945, Symcho was liberated by American forces. He lived in Fulda displaced persons camps before joining Kibbutz Buchenwald. The rabbi of the kibbutz arranged for the members to emigrate to Palestine in September 1945.

Date
1944 December 24-1945 April 11  (received)
Geography
received : Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Language
German
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Dr. Jacob Dimant
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:05:50
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn8187