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Margaretha Rosenfeld papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 1997.119.11

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    Margaretha Rosenfeld papers

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    The Margaretha Rosenfeld papers consist of biographical materials, correspondence, financial records, and subject files documenting Margaretha’s non‐Jewish heritage, her husband’s Jewish heritage, and the financial and social discrimination they suffered under the Nazi regime.
    Biographical materials include birth and marriage certificates, proof of “Aryan” descent, wills, and quitclaims documenting Jewish and non‐Jewish heritage, estates, and the inheritance of family legacies. Correspondence files primarily document Bernhard Rosenfeld’s Jewish status, his being forced to take the name “Israel” and wear the yellow star, his death, and questions regarding his estate and the payment of funeral costs. Dresdner Bank records document Margaretha and Bernhard Rosenfeld’s holdings with the Bank. Subject files document punitive Judenvermögensabgabe tax levied against the Rosenfelds, the placement of the Rosenfelds’ bank accounts under the supervision of the Foreign Exchange Office (Devisenstelle), and the forced sale of Bernhard Rosenfeld’s house. These files also document the termination of the Rosenfelds’ telephone service because Jewish residents lived in the house.
    inclusive:  1869-1945
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
    Collection Creator
    Margaretha Rosenfeld
    Margaretha Rosenfeld (1871‐1944) was born Emma Maria Margaretha Diesel in Chemnitz to Adolf and Friederike Diesel. She lived in Kleinmachnow with her husband, Bernhard Rosenfeld (1867‐1942), who was born in Leipzig to Juda and Sara Pepie Rosenfeld. Although Margaretha was not Jewish, Bernhard was forced to wear the yellow star, was subject to the punitive Judenvermögensabgabe tax levied against German Jews following Kristallnacht, was forced to sell the family’s house, and saw his Dresdner Bank account placed under the supervision of the Foreign Exchange Office (Devisenstelle). Their daughter, Gertrud Rosenfeld (1895‐?), was also considered Jewish under the Nuremberg laws even though she was raised Christian.

    Physical Details

    1 box
    1 oversize folder
    System of Arrangement
    The Margaretha Rosenfeld papers are arranged as four series: I. Biographical materials, 1869-1942, II. Correspondence, 1935-1942, III. Dresdner Bank records, 1939-1945, IV. Subject files, 1932-1943

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Andre Saupe sold the Margaretha Rosenfeld papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1997.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 13:42:55
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