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Antisemitic cartoon by Fips of a Jew selling nude women in a shop window acquired by a US soldier

Object | Accession Number: 1993.86.1

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    Antisemitic cartoon by Fips of a Jew selling nude women in a shop window acquired by a US soldier

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    Brief Narrative
    Antisemitic cartoon by Fips (Phillip Rupprecht) taken from Julius Streicher's villa, Pleikershof, in Cadolzburg, Germany, by E.H. Mayer, a US soldier, in May 1945. Fips made the drawing in 1924 for Der Stuermer, the viciously anti-Jewish newspaper published by Streicher from 1923-1945. Fips was a well known antisemitic caricaturist for Der Stuermer from 1923-1945. Rupprecht was arrested by the US Army in 1945, tried by a German denazification court, and sentenced to six years hard labor. Streicher was tried by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, convicted, and executed per the ruling that his repeated articles calling for the annihilation of the Jewish race were a direct indictment to murder and a crime against humanity.
    Artwork Title
    Sau Jud
    Alternate Title
    Filthy Jew
    creation:  1924
    found:  approximately 1945 May
    creation: Munich (Germany)
    found: Pleikershof (Julius Streicher's villa); Cadolzburg (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Morton Mazer
    front, image caption, pencil : Sau jud!! [Filthy Jew]
    front, upper left corner, black ink : Fips 24
    Artist: Fips
    Subject: Fips
    Phillipp Rupprecht (1900-1975) was born in Nuremberg, Germany. He served in the German Navy during World War I. In 1920, he left Germany for Argentina, where he worked as a waiter and cowboy for several years. In the mid-1920s, he returned to Germany and worked as a cartoonist for the Fränkischen Tagespost, a Socialist newspaper. After drawing a cartoon of the Lord Mayor of Nuremberg, Hermann Luppe, Rupprecht was hired as an illustrator for the antisemitic newspaper Der Stürmer, by Julius Streicher, publisher of the paper and a regional leader of the Nazi party. While there, Rupprecht worked under the pen name Fips and became known for his variations on the antisemitic stereotype of the bearded, bulging eyed, large-nosed Jew. In 1938, he illustrated the antisemitic children's book, Der Giftpilz (The Poison Mushroom), published by the Stürmer publishing house. He joined the German Navy in 1939, but was released to create propaganda for the Nazi party. Rupprecht stayed at the paper until the last issue was published on February 22, 1945, and his career ended with the defeat of Germany in May. After the war, Rupprecht was captured by the United States Army and held in the 7th Army Internee Camp #74 in Ludwigsburg, Germany. He was put on trial as part of the de-Nazification process and sentenced to six years hard labor. Rupprecht was released from Eichstätt prison on October 23, 1950. He married twice, had four children, and worked in Munich as a painter and decorator until his death.

    Physical Details

    German English
    Physical Description
    Cartoon image in black ink, ink wash, and paint of a nude women standing in a shop window of a brothel. One woman's clothing is being arranged by a gentleman with exaggerated semitic features as passersby gape.
    overall: Height: 9.875 inches (25.083 cm) | Width: 12.875 inches (32.703 cm)
    overall : paper, ink, paint, graphite, ink wash, pressure-sensitive tape
    reverse, pencil : From Julius Streichers House at Cadolzburg Bavaria at the time of his capture in 1945 E.H. Mayer

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Fips, 1900-1975.

    Administrative Notes

    The drawing was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1993 by Morton Mazer.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 17:50:27
    This page:

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