Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

White armband with a red cross worn by a concentration camp inmate

Object | Accession Number: 1993.90.5

Armband with a red cross worn by Henryk Karter while a prisoner and nurse in Block 19, the hospital, in Auschwitz I concentration camp, from ca. 1943 until his liberation in January 1945. Henryk, wife Edith, and children Jurek, 3, and Halina, 5 months, fled Bielsko, Poland, for Krakow during the German invasion in September 1939. In June 1941, the family was forced into the Krakow ghetto. In late 1941, Henryk was arrested for resistance activity by the Gestapo. In December 1942, he was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau as a political prisoner and tattooed with the number 90065. In February 1943, he was sent to Auschwitz III-Monowitz (Buna). After six months, he became ill and was returned to Auschwitz I to be gassed. He was saved by a guard and eventually assigned to the hospital block. When Auschwitz was evacuated on January 18, 1945, Henryk remained behind. On January 27, Soviet forces entered the camp. Henryk returned to Bielsko with three young boys he had protected at the camp. He found family members for two of the boys, and adopted, Jakub, 12, after his marriage to a Holocaust survivor, Anna Feld Kornblueth. The family left for America in 1947. Nearly Henryk’s entire family, about seventy people, was murdered in the Holocaust.

Date
approximately 1943-1945 January  (use)
Geography
use : Auschwitz (Concentration camp); Oswiecim (Poland)
Language
German
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Armbands
Object Type
Armbands (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the American Jewish Archives on behalf of Henry Carter
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2018-01-31 13:03:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn8390