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Jewish prayer book received as a gift by a young refugee in a children's home in France

Publication | Accession Number: 2013.440.3

Prayer book given to Heinz Stephan Lewy for his 14th birthday by his friend Gerhard Rosenzweig (later Gerry Gerhard) when both youths were living in Quincy, France. They had arrived there on July 4, 1939, Kindertransport from Berlin, Germany, organized to save Jewish children from persecution by the Nazi dictatorship. They had previously lived in the Auerbach orphanage in Berlin. After Germany invaded France in May 1940, the boys and the other refugees fled south, but returned to Quincy after encountering German soldiers. In fall 1940, Quaker aid workers took them to Chateau de Chabannes in unoccupied France. Heinz asked the director to look for his parents and learned they were in the US. After an appeal to President Roosevelt, his parents got Heinz a visa. On June 25, 1942, Heinz arrived in New York, and began using the name Stephan. In August 1943, he was drafted into the US Army and assigned to the 6th Armored Division as an interpreter. Stephen arrived in France in June 1944, saw combat in the Battle of the Bulge, and participated in the liberation of Buchenwald concentration camp in April 1945. The war ended in May and Stephan returned to the US in the fall. After his departure from Chabannes children's home in May 1942, Gerhard and the other older children were arrested and sent to Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. Gerhard was incarcerated in a number of camps, but survived. After the war, Gerhard emigrated to Los Angeles.

Title
Siddur Sephat Emeth : Gebetbuch der Israeliten mit deutscher Übersetzung
Date
1935  (publication/distribution)
Geography
publication : Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Language
Hebrew
German
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Stephan H. Lewy
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Record last modified: 2018-03-30 11:46:35
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn84552