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Large red Nazi banner with a black swastika found by an American soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2013.448.2

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    Brief Narrative
    Very large red Nazi banner with swastika found by 20 year old Sergeant Anthony A. Carullo while he was a soldier in the 2nd Infantry Division, United States Army. Anthony entered combat in Normandy in July 1944. He fought in France, Luxembourg, Germany, and Czechoslovakia. He received a Purple Heart and a Bronze Star Medal for his exemplary conduct in combat. The war ended when Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945. Anthony returned to the US in July 1945.
    received:  approximately 1945 May
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joan Carullo, in memory of her father Anthony A. Carullo
    Subject: Anthony A. Carullo
    Antonio A. Carullo was born on October 26, 1924, in Orsogna, Italy, to Antonio and Concetta Pace Carullo. He had four siblings: Elmira, Cleto, Aurelio, and Florence. Antonio’s mother and father were from Orsogna. His father Antonio immigrated to the United States in 1904. While visiting Italy in 1922, he married Concetta Pace. Antonio and his siblings were American citizens because their father was a naturalized American citizen. On December 3, 1938, Antonio and his mother and siblings sailed from Naples on the SS Rex, arriving in New York on December 11. The family settled in Astoria, New York. Antonio and his father both changed their names to Anthony. Anthony (Junior) worked with a carpenter.

    On December 8, 1941, following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the US entered World War II. On May 5, 1943, Anthony was inducted into the US Army. He served in G Company, 2nd Infantry Battalion, 2nd Infantry Regiment, 5th Infantry Division. On November 9, 1943, Anthony, a private first class, arrived in Europe. His division was stationed in Ireland for training. On July 9, 1944, the 2nd Infantry Regiment landed in Normandy. On August 27, Anthony was wounded on his left arm and leg in France, for which he received a Purple Heart. Anthony’s regiment fought in Luxembourg during the Battle of the Bulge, then crossed the Saar River into Germany in January 1945. The 2nd fought through Germany into Czechoslovakia. Anthony rose to the rank of sergeant. The war ended when Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945. Anthony returned to the US on July 18, 1945, and was discharged on October 7.

    Anthony lived in Astoria. He married Filomena and they had two daughters. In December 1948, Anthony was notified that he had been awarded a Bronze Star Medal for his exemplary conduct during combat on August 8, 1944. Anthony, 87, passed away on October 19, 2012, in New York.

    Physical Details

    Identifying Artifacts
    Object Type
    Banners (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Very long, narrow, red cotton banner with a 34 inch white cloth circle with a screen printed black mobile swastika sewn in the center on each side. The long edges are selvage and the short sides are hemmed. A short, red striped, white cloth band, with a gray metal lever snap looped through the end, is riveted in the center of one short side. There is a hole on one side. The cloth has marks suggesting it once had a sewn channel for a support pole.
    overall: Height: 153.000 inches (388.62 cm) | Width: 55.000 inches (139.7 cm)
    overall : cloth, metal, ink, thread

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The banner was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2013 by Joan Carullo, the daughter of Anthony A. Carullo.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-06-06 13:20:57
    This page:

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