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Mittelbau forced labor camp scrip, -.10 Reichsmark, issued to a Polish political prisoner

Object | Accession Number: 1998.116.1

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    Mittelbau forced labor camp scrip, -.10 Reichsmark, issued to a Polish political prisoner

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Mittelbau labor camp token, value -.10 mark, 011734, issued to Waclaw Glouszek, while he was a prisoner in Dora-Mittelbau / Nordhausen concentration camp circa January 1945. Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939. Waclaw was arrested in 1942 by the Gestapo in Krakow and held as a non-Jewish political prisoner. He was sent to Monowitz (Auschwitz III) concentration camp, where he played in the camp orchestra. In January 1945, Waclaw was transferred to Dora-Mittelbau. He was later sent to Bergen-Belsen where he was liberated in April 1945 by British forces.
    Date
    received:  approximately 1945 January
    Geography
    issue: Dora (concentration camp); Nordhausen (Thuringia, Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Iwona Bonacia
    Markings
    front, green ink : SERIE F / ARBEITSLAGER MITTELBAU / WERTMARKE RM -.10
    back, green ink : Die Deckung für diese Wertmarke ist bei / der Zentralverwaltung der SS-Kantinen im / Standortbereich Mittelbau hinterlegt. Fäl- / schungen werden strafrechtlich geahndet. [The plate for this token is stored in the central building / location / for the administration of SS canteens. Misuse will be prosecuted.]
    back, serial number, green ink : ✽ 011734
    Contributor
    Subject: Waclaw Glouszek
    Printer: Buchdruckerei Theodore Mueller
    Biography
    Waclaw Glouszek was born in 1909 in Kowel, Poland (Kovel, Ukraine) to Wilhelm and Katarzyna Glouszek. He was educated in Vilna (Vilnius, Lithuania). In September 1939, Germany invaded Poland. In 1942, Waclaw was arrested by the Gestapo in Krakow as a non-Jewish political prisoner. He was sent to Monowitz (Auschwitz III) concentration camp, where he played in the camp orchestra. In January 1945, Woclaw was transferred to Dora-Mittelbau concentration camp. He was later sent to Bergen-Belsen where he was liberated in April 1945 by British forces. After the war, he settled in Wałbrzych and became a high school director. Waclaw, 97, passed away in 1996.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Object Type
    Scrip (aat)
    Genre/Form
    Money.
    Physical Description
    Small, square, off-white paper token with light green ink. The camp name, series letter, and the encircled denomination RM -.10 are printed in rectangular panels on a background of closely spaced vertical lines divided by a horizontal zigzag design. On the back is a block of German text and the serial number. It is discolored, creased, and stained.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 1.875 inches (4.763 cm) | Width: 2.375 inches (6.033 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Corporate Name
    Dora (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The token was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1998 by Iwona Bonacia, the daughter of Waclaw Glouszek.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-10-16 14:02:16
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn85445

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