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Blue and silver HIAS pin worn by a Jewish Latvian youth postwar

Object | Accession Number: 2013.474.2

HIAS badge worn by 19 year old Isaak Racs (later Jack Ratz) during his October 1947 journey from Bremen to the United States. On July 1, 1941, Germany invaded Latvia. That summer, Isaak was forced into the Riga ghetto with his parents, Moses and Tema, and three younger brothers, Rafael, Chona, and Aron. On December 8, his mother and brothers were executed during the liquidation of the ghetto. Isaak and his father were forced laborers in the small ghetto, until they were sent to Lenta labor camp in 1943. Around August 1944, Isaak and Moses were sent to Stutthof concentration camp. In October, they were transferred to Burggraben and worked for the Schichau-Werft shipyard in Danzig. In December 1944 or early 1945, they were sent on a forced march to Goddentow. On March 9, 1945, the prisoners were ordered on another march, but Isaak and Moses escaped into the woods. They were liberated by Soviet forces on March 10. They then lived in Landsberg displaced persons camp. Isaak emigrated to the US in 1947. Moses joined him in 1949.

use:  1947 October-1947 November
received: Bremen (Germany)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jack Ratz
Record last modified: 2023-08-31 10:01:26
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