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Porcelain souvenir dish of the Marchenbrunnen owned by a young German Jewish prewar emigre

Object | Accession Number: 2012.438.2

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    Brief Narrative
    Basket shaped porcelain souvenir dish owned by Rosa Dublon, who in 1936, at the age of 9, left Germany with her mother Erna and five year old sister Herta for the United States. The dish has a painted image of the Marchenbrunnen, or fairy tale fountain, located in Hofgarten park in Dusseldorf. After 1933, the Nazi dictatorship that now governed Germany increasingly persecuted Jewish residents. Rosa's parents Erna and Siegfried divorced in the mid-1930s and Erna and the girls moved to her hometown of Mertloch. Erna's sister Helen Lederer had lived in the United States since at least 1930. She sponsored their 1936 emigration to New York to live with her in Queens. Helen also sponsored the emigration of her father, Samuel Wolf, and siblings, Jakob Wolf and Thekla Daniel, and their families. Ruth's father Siegfried is assumed to have perished in the Holocaust.
    emigration:  1936 December
    creation: Dusseldorf (Germany)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ruth Dublon Grossmann
    Subject: Ruth Grossmann
    Rosa Dublon was born on March 15, 1927, in Wittlich, Germany, to Jewish parents, Siegfried and Erna Wolf Dublon. Rosa had a sister, Herta, born on November 9, 1931, in Wittlich. Her father, Siegfried, was born on February 17, 1902, in Wittlich, to Michel and Frieda Herz Dublon. Her mother, Erna, was born on October 23, 1907, in Mertloch, Germany. Her father was Samuel Wolf. Erna had three siblings: Jakob, born circa 1901; Helen (1902-2000); and Thekla, born circa 1905. Siegfried and Erna married in approximately 1925 and lived in Wittlich, where Siegfried was a cattle trader. By 1930, Erna's sister Helen, her husband, Otto Lederer, and their children, Robert and Elain, had left for the United States. At some point, Siegfried and Erna moved to Cologne. The couple divorced, and Erna and her daughters moved to Mertloch, where Erna’s family resided.

    In January 1933, Hitler came to power and, by summer, Germany was ruled by a Nazi dictatorship which actively persecuted Jews. Erna's sister Helen sponsored US immigration visas for the family. On November 26, 1936, Erna, Rosa, and Herta left Germany aboard the SS New York, arriving on December 4. They lived with Helen and her family in Queens, New York. Erna worked as a seamstress. Rosa and Herta Americanized their names to Ruth and Joan. Helen also sponsored visas for her brother, Jakob and his wife Carolina, who arrived in New York in July 1938 aboard the SS Ile De France. Helen's husband Otto sponsored the applications of the remaining Wolf family members. On October 27, 1939, Samuel, Thekla, her husband Karl Daniel, and their children Guenther and Heinz, sailed from Hamburg on the SS President Harding, arriving in New York on November 6. They also lived with Helen and Otto in Queens.

    After the war ended in May 1945, they eventually learned that the family remaining in Germany did not survive. Ruth's father Siegfried was living in Frankfurt at the end of 1937. At some point, he moved to Paris, France. In September 1939, his German nationality was annulled by the Nazi regime and he perished at an unknown date. Ruth’s paternal grandmother Frieda died on January 31, 1940, and her grandfather Michel on April 13, 1940, both of natural causes. Ruth married Elliot A. (Buddy) Grossmann on October 26, 1947. Buddy was a native of Brooklyn, born on January 7, 1924. He served in the US Army Air Corps during World War II. Ruth and Buddy had two children. Ruth’s sister Joan married and settled in Connecticut. Ruth’s mother, Erna, remarried. Erna, age 77, died on December 3, 1984, in Miami Beach, Florida. Joan, age 61, died on October 30, 1993, in Stamford, Connecticut. Buddy, age 71, died on May 3, 1995, in Boynton Beach, Florida.

    Physical Details

    Decorative Arts
    Physical Description
    Small, glazed, white porcelain, rectangular basket shaped dish with scalloped, blue painted top edges and a curved handle with a gold painted line. The dish has a deep oval bowl with straight sides that flare outward at the top. Each corner has scrolls embossed in the porcelain above a small oval hole with a gold painted floral and leaf design. The interior has a painted image of a large yellow and blue fountain ringed by green grass and trees beneath a red and blue sky. The image is captioned and there is gold painted German text above on the sides. There is a maker's mark on the reverse.
    overall: Height: 2.500 inches (6.35 cm) | Width: 4.500 inches (11.43 cm) | Depth: 2.875 inches (7.302 cm)
    overall : porcelain, glaze, paint
    interior side, gold paint : Gruss aus / Düsseldorf [Greetings from Düsseldorf]
    interior bottom, black paint : Düsseldorf. Marchenbrunnen. [Düsseldorf. Fairytale fountain.]
    reverse, stamped, black ink : In Oringen Porzellan / STP [Porcelain in origin]

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The souvenir dish was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2012 by Ruth Dublon Grossmann.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:11:15
    This page:

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