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Factory-printed Star of David badge printed with Juif, belonging to a Jewish family.

Object | Accession Number: 2014.230.2

Factory-printed French Star of David badge, owned by the family of Danielle (Fernande) Halerie. In June 1942, German authorities required Jews in France to wear a badge which consisted of a yellow Star of David with a black outline, and the word “Jew” printed inside the star in French, which cost a textile ration coupon. The badge was used to stigmatize and control the Jewish population. Danielle was living in Paris, France, with her Romanian-born parents, Avram and Marguerita, and older brother, David, when the German army invaded France and occupied the city on June 14, 1940. During the German occupation, Jews in the city faced increasing persecution, and systematic deportations began in 1942. David attempted to escape across the French border, but was arrested and in July, deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland, where he was killed. That September, both Avram and Marguerita were imprisoned in the Drancy transit camp and deported to Auschwitz. Marguerita was likely killed upon arrival, but Avram was sent to the Blechhammer forced labor camp. Danielle survived the war in hiding with family friends, under an assumed name. After the liberation of Paris on August 25, 1944, she met American serviceman David Snegg, and the couple married in January 1946. Danielle later learned that her father was sent on a death march to Gross-Rosen concentration camp in January 1945, then transferred to Buchenwald concentration camp in February, and likely died before the camp was liberated in April. In 1947, Danielle and David moved to the United States, where they raised their two sons.

use:  approximately 1942 June-1944 August 25
use: Paris, France
Identifying Artifacts
Magen David.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michel Snegg
Record last modified: 2023-07-10 12:08:03
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