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Pair of toddler's shoes owned by a Jewish child refugee

Object | Accession Number: 1994.53.7 a-b

Pair of well worn toddler's shoes inscribed "Der Erste Schuh" [The First Shoe] brought with 3 year old Susanna Gibian and her father Otto when they fled Vienna, Austria, for the United States in September 1938. On March 12, 1938, German troops marched over the border into Austria and, the next day, Austria was annexed to Nazi Germany. Anti-Jewish legislation was enacted to strip Jews of their civil rights. Otto had a successful office equipment business, the Rex Company, which was confiscated by the Nazi government. He decided to leave because he wanted his daughter to have a normal life in the US, where he had visited many times. They sailed from Rotterdam on the New Amsterdam and arrived in New York in November 1938.

use:  1936 April 20-1936 July 15
use: Vienna (Austria)
creation: Vienna (Austria)
Dress Accessories
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jill Shellow on behalf of the Estate of Irene Rosenthal Gibian
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:20:34
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