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Allied Military Authority currency, 5 schilling, for use in Austria inscribed by an American soldier

Object | Accession Number: 2013.483.4

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    Allied Military Authority currency, 5 schilling, for use in Austria inscribed by an American soldier
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Allied Military currency, five (funf) schilling, for use in Austria, acquired by John Phillips, a soldier in the postwar United States Army of Occupation in Austria and Germany from April 1946 - January 1947. The value 50 cents is handwritten in the corners. Military currency or occupation money was produced for use by military personnel in occupied territories. The notes for different currencies: lire, francs, kroner, marks, schillings, and yen, had similar designs for ease of production. Phillips served in the US Army from June 1945 to January 1947, with the 222nd Infantry, 42nd Infantry Division, Cannon Company, 5th Infantry Division, and F Company, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division.
    Date
    issue:  1944
    Geography
    issue: Austria
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Cristy L. Phillips
    Markings
    face, top corners, purple ink : 5 / SCHILLING
    face, top, purple ink : ALLIIERTE MILITÄRBEHŐRDE [ALLIED MILITARY AUTHORITIES]
    face, center, red ink : 02H 047 209
    face, center, purple ink : SERIE 1944
    face, center, purple ink : 5 SCHILLING / FÜNF / SCHILLING / 5 SCHILLING / IN OESTERREICH AUSGEGEBEN
    face, bottom, purple ink : SCHILLING 5 SCHILLING
    reverse, left, right, center, orange and purple ink : 5 / SCHILLING / FÜNF / SCHILLING / 5 SCHILLING
    Contributor
    Subject: John P. Phillips
    Issuer: Allied Military Government in Occupied Territory
    Biography
    John Pines Phillips was born on June 28, 1924, in Anson, North Carolina, to Walter Binyon (Bun) and Sallie Gilmore Phillips. He had eleven siblings. His father Bun was a carpenter. John was a salvage inspector. On December 8, 1941, following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States entered World War II. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered, but the US was still at war with Japan. On June 29, 1945, John was inducted into the United States Army. He trained at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and Camp Pickett, Virginia, and qualified as an M1 rifle marksman. On September 2, 1945, Japan surrendered, ending World War II. On January 27, 1946, John was discharged from the wartime draft force and re-enlisted in the regular army. John was sent to Europe on April 1 as part of the Army of Occupation. He was stationed in Germany and Austria. He served as a private first class with the 222nd Infantry Regiment, 42nd Infantry Division. The 42nd was inactivated in June and John was transferred to Cannon Company, 5th Infantry Division. The 5th was inactivated in November and John was moved to F Company, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division. On January 3, 1947, John returned to the US. He was discharged on January 24 and returned to North Carolina. On August 2, John married Louise Abernathy (1922-2008). They had two sons. John worked at Phillips Construction. John, age 86, died on February 22, 2011, in North Carolina.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Money
    Physical Description
    Rectangular currency on linear watermarked paper with a face in purple ink with the denomination 5 schilling in each corner of the unprinted margins. There is an rectangle underprint in orange with a repeating pattern of the denomination 5 in the interlocked squares. Across the center is an elaborate ornament with the denomination 5 and funf schilling, and German text. The serial number is above in red ink. On the reverse is a large, ornate tripartite medallion in purple ink, with the denomination funf schilling in the center, flanked by 5 schilling in orange ink. The value 50 ¢ is handwritten near the corner denominations on the face and back. The note is torn, wrinkled, and stained.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 2.750 inches (6.985 cm) | Width: 4.500 inches (11.43 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink
    Inscription
    face, center and each corner, handwritten, blue ink : 50 ¢
    back, bottom right, handwritten, blue ink : 50 ¢

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The bank note was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2013 by Cristy L. Phillips, the granddaughter of John Phillips.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-10-16 13:51:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn88156

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