Westerbork transit camp voucher, 10 cent note
1944 February 15
Westerbork (Concentration camp);
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jacqueline Pollen
Westerbork voucher, value 10 cents, acquired by Jacqueline Pollen. This scrip was issued in Westerbork transit camp beginning February 15, 1944. Inmates were not allowed to have currency, which was confiscated. The vouchers [gutschein] were distributed as an incentive for doing work. Netherlands was occupied by Germany in May 1940. The camp, in northeast Holland, was originally set up by the Dutch in 1939 to intern Jewish refugees. In July 1942, the German security police and the SS turned it into a transit camp to hold prisoners before deporting them to concentration camps in the east, where most perished. From July 1942 - September 3, 1944. nearly 200,000 Jews were deported from the camp. Most inmates had short stays at the camp. However, there were about 2000 longterm detainees who helped run the camp or were exempt from deportation. The vouchers were used with this population, most of whom were deported before the camp was liberated on April 12, 1945.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:52:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn8838
Also in Jacqueline Pollen collection
The collection consists of a Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip and a Westerbork transit camp voucher.
Scrip, valued at 1 krone, issued in the Theresienstadt (Terezin) ghetto-labor camp in 1943. All currency was confiscated from deportees upon entry and replaced with scrip and ration coupons that could be exchanged only in the camp. The Theresienstadt camp existed for 3.5 years, from November 24, 1941 to May 9, 1945. It was located in a region of Czechoslovakia occupied by Germany, renamed the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and made part of the Greater German Reich.