Buchenwald Standort-Kantine concentration camp scrip, 3 Reichsmark
Buchenwald (Concentration camp);
Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Henry and Rose Brewster
3 Reichsmark coupon issued at Buchenwald concentration camp in Germany. Buchenwald opened on July 19, 1937, and issued undated notes in 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 mark denominations. The simply designed notes were printed on coarse paper. There were two types of coupons: canteen scrip and exchange scrip issued to members of outside labor brigades [Aussenkommandos.] In early April 1945, as US forces approached Buchenwald concentration camp, the German guards began to evacuate the camp. On April 11, the prisoners revolted and seized control of the camp. Later that day, soldiers from the Sixth Army Armored Division, part of the Third Army, arrived in camp and discovered more than 21,000 starved and ill inmates.
Record last modified: 2023-06-06 07:19:53
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn8885
Also in Henry and Rose Brewster collection
The collection consists of one Buchenwald concentration camp coupon and one Łódź ghetto scrip.
Date: approximately 1942
Scrip receipt for 5 marks issued in the Jewish ghetto in Łódź, Poland. Nazi Germany occupied Poland on September 1, 1939. Łódź was renamed Litzmannstadt and, in February 1940, the Germans forcibly relocated the large Jewish population into a sealed ghetto. All currency was confiscated in exchange for Quittungen [receipts] that could be exchanged only in the ghetto. The scrip was designed by the Judenrat [Jewish Council] and includes traditional Jewish symbols. The Germans closed the ghetto in the summer of 1944 by deporting the residents to concentration camps or killing centers.