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Forced labor badge, blue field with OST in white letters, to identify a forced laborer from the Soviet Union

Object | Accession Number: 1995.107.2

Forced labor badge, blue with OST in white letters, found by Jim Newton, a US soldier, in April 1945 in Germany. The badge would have been worn by a forced laborer to identify them as an Ostarbeiter [Worker from the East], usually Russian or Ukrainian, deported to work in Nazi Germany. The patch would have been sewn to the chest with the outer white border visible. After Germany attacked the Soviet Union in the spring of 1941, the need for forced labor to support the war effort became an urgent necessity. Beginning in 1942, millions of forced laborers were deported from the Soviet Union to work in factories and other civilian labor details. They were housed in so-called residence camps that often had barbed wire and SS guards. They were treated as second class citizens and kept separate from the general population. After the war ended in 1945, nearly 6 million eastern workers were repatriated to the Soviet Union where they often were discriminated against and accused of being traitors to their country.

Date
1945 April  (found)
Geography
found : Germany
Language
German
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of James D. Newton
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Record last modified: 2018-06-07 10:24:26
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn8924