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Armband with a royal coat of arms worn by a Danish resistance fighter

Object | Accession Number: 1995.111.1

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    Armband with a royal coat of arms worn by a Danish resistance fighter

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    Brief Narrative
    Blue, red, and white armband with a medallion issued to Mogens Kofod-Hansen, a Danish resistance fighter, on May 4 or 5, 1945. The armbands, which appeared abruptly throughout Denmark, were issued by the Danish Freedom Council, Denmark's unofficial government-in-exile in England from July 1944 to May 1945. The armbands were meant to identify resistance members as legitimate combatants, rather than guerilla forces, to ensure they were protected under Geneva Convention rules defining combatants and how they should be treated by military forces. Denmark was occupied by Germany on April 9, 1940. The Danes were allowed to retain control of civil affairs, until the Germans declared martial law on August 29, 1943. The Danish Freedom Council was formed that September to coordinate the resistance movement. German forces in Denmark surrendered on May 5, 1945. Mogens was a courier during the Jewish rescue operations in September 1943 and also traveled to Sweden to deliver vital information to the British military during the war.
    issue:  1945 May 04-1945 May 05
    issue: Denmark
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Mogens Kofod-Hansen and Veterans of the Danish Fight for Freedom
    Issuer: Danish Freedom Council
    Subject: Mogens Kofod-Hansen
    Mogens Kofod-Hansen was born on December 5, 1920, in Denmark. He was educated in Sweden and Great Britain, as well as in Denmark. He was trained as a journalist and worked for several small town Danish newspapers. He became involved with the Danish resistance movement soon after the German occupation of Denmark began on April 9, 1940. On August 29, 1943, the Germans declared martial law and began to address the Jewish problem. Mogens had to flee to Sweden in September 1943. He worked as a courier and was able to deliver information vital to the war effort. He later relocated to Great Britain, where he worked for the BBC. On May 5, 1945, German forces in Denmark surrendered and withdrew from Denmark. On May 7, Germany unconditionally surrendered to allied Forces. After the war, Mogens was employed by the Danish daily, Information, which began as an illegal, underground wartime paper, and continued as a regular daily newspaper. From 1950-1988, Mogens worked for the Berlinske Tidende, for which he covered foreign news and wars all over the world. He was active in Danish-Israeli associations and received several awards for this work from Israel. Mogens also was editor of the monthly publication of the Veterans of the Danish Freedom Fight.

    Physical Details

    Military Insignia
    Physical Description
    Rectangular, blue wool armband with a horizontal red and white stripe and a silver-colored metal medallion at the center. The red wool stripe is sewn across the center of the armband with blue thread and is divided by a narrow, white, cloth stripe stitched along the mid-line with white thread. The thin, circular, medallion is fastened to the center of the band with brown thread stitched through three evenly spaced holes along the edge. It is flat and bears an embossed shield-shaped coat of arms: three left-facing lions passant with three hearts above each, all arranged vertically within a shield. The short ends of the band are hemmed and stitched together. The edges of the blue and red bands are unfinished.
    overall: Height: 5.375 inches (13.653 cm) | Width: 8.250 inches (20.955 cm)
    overall : wool, cloth, metal, thread

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The armband was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1995 by Mogens Kofod-Hansen.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 17:51:49
    This page:

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