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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 1 krone note

Object | Accession Number: 1989.178.1

Scrip, valued at 1 (eine) krone, of the type distributed in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German occupied Czechoslovakia beginning in May 1943. Inmates were not allowed to have currency. The SS camp administrators ordered the Jewish Council to design scrip for use only in the camp. It was issued to create a false appearance of normalcy and used as an incentive for forced labor. There was little to obtain with the scrip. Notes were printed in 7 denominations: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100. Located forty miles northwest of Prague, the camp was established by the Germans in November 24, 1941, and ceased operation in early May 1945, at the war's end. In 3.5 years, approximately 140,000 Jewish men, women, and children were transferred to Theresienstadt; nearly 90,000 were then deported, likely to their death further east. Conditions in the camp were terrible, and severe overcrowding, unsanitary conditions, and lack of food led to illness and starvation. About 33,000 Jews died in Theresienstadt.

Date
1943 January 01  (issue)
Geography
issue : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Language
German
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Barry Arnold Perlman, in the name of Louis Perlman
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:26:57
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn893