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Red triangle badge with a letter B owned by a Belgian Jewish concentration camp prisoner

Object | Accession Number: 2012.441.4

Red triangular patch with the letter B like the one issued to 21 year old Natan Chorowicz upon arrival in Buchenwald concentration camp in January 1945. The letter B indicated that Natan was Belgian. When Germany invaded Belgium on May 10, 1940, Natan, parents Abraham and Ryfka, and sister Marie, 14, lived in Brussels. On June 26, 1942, Abraham and Natan were deported to Dannes-Camiers labor camp in northern France. On October 31, they were deported to Auschwitz via Mechelen. Natan was assigned prisoner number 72363 and selected to labor in Jawischowitz, a subcamp of Auschwitz built around a coal mine. On January 15, 1943, Ryfka and Marie were deported to Auschwitz and killed upon arrival. On December 18, 1943, Abraham was sent to Golleschau slave labor camp. As the Soviets approached in January 1945, Natan was sent on a forced march to Buchenwald and assigned prisoner number 117583. He was transported to Ohrdruf, Crawinkel, and Espenfeld subcamps, before being sent back to Buchenwald. Natan was liberated in Buchenwald by the US Army on April 11, 1945, and repatriated to Belgium later that month. Abraham was sent to Sachsenhausen, then Mauthausen, liberated on May 5, 1945, and repatriated to Brussels.

Date
1945 January  (received)
Geography
received : Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
use : Ohrdruf (Concentration camp); Ohrdruf (Germany)
use : Crawinkel (Concentration camp); Crawinkel (Germany)
use : Espenfeld (Concentration camp); Espenfeld (Arnstadt, Germany)
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael and Debi Caron
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Record last modified: 2018-04-02 11:02:40
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn89791