Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Child's beige summer suit worn by Joseph Oppenheimer

Object | Accession Number: 1994.105.1 a-d

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Child's beige summer suit worn by Joseph Oppenheimer

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Summer suit brought with 8-year-old Josef (later Joseph) Oppenheimer when he and his parents, Ludwig and Maria, immigrated to the United States in summer 1935. When Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933, Josef lived in Würburg, Germany, with his parents. Under Hitler, authorities began suppressing the rights and personal freedoms of Jews. Under the new laws, Ludwig, a merchant, was forced to deal with many new regulations that hurt his business. In the face of increasing persecution, Josef’s family began planning to leave Germany. On July 31, 1935, Josef, Ludwig, and Maria boarded the S.S. Majestic in Cherbourg, France, and sailed to the US. They settled in St. Louis, Missouri, where Josef’s maternal uncle, Kurt Schwarzenberger, lived. Many of Josef’s relatives had remained in Europe during the Holocaust (1939-1945) and were killed.
    Date
    use:  approximately 1935
    Geography
    use: Germany
    use: United States
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joseph Oppenheimer
    Contributor
    Subject: Joseph L. Oppenheimer
    Biography
    Josef Ludwig Oppenheimer (later Joseph, 1927-2020) was born in Würburg, Germany, to Ludwig Emanuel (1892-1972) and Maria Schwarzenberger (later Mary, 1898-1997) Oppenheimer. Josef’s family lived comfortably. His father, Ludwig, was a merchant, and the son of Emanuel and Sophie Lauer Oppenheimer. During World War I (1914-1918), Ludwig fought for Germany in the 11 and 5 Bavarian, Field Artillery Regiments. Josef’s mother, Maria, was originally from Massbach, Germany, and was the daughter of Bernhard and Meta Katzenberger Schwarzenberger. On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. Under Hitler, authorities began suppressing the rights and personal freedoms of Jews. Under the new laws, Ludwig was forced to deal with many new regulations that hurt his business. In the face of increasing persecution, Josef’s family began planning to leave Germany.

    On July 31, 1935, 8-year-old Josef and his parents boarded the S.S. Majestic in Cherbourg, France, and sailed to the United States. They settled in St. Louis, Missouri, where Josef’s maternal uncle, Kurt Schwarzenberger, lived. The family became active members of the local Jewish community. Josef and Mary Americanized the spelling of their names to Joseph and Mary. Ludwig found work as a stock clerk at a wholesale company, and Mary later opened her own candy business. In July 1940, Joseph celebrated his Bar Mitzvah at Congregation Brith Sholom. Many of Joseph’s relatives had remained in Europe during the Holocaust (1939-1945) and were killed. After graduation, Joseph became a student at Washington University in St. Louis, and began working part time as a reporter for a local newspaper. In 1950, Joseph was drafted into the US Army. He had a long career as a reporter in St. Louis, Wichita, Kansas, and New York City. Later in his life, Joseph lived in Del Mar, California. Throughout his life, Joseph was an active member of the local Jewish community wherever he lived, and often volunteered his time and energy to help others within those communities.

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Clothing and Dress
    Genre/Form
    Suits (Clothing)
    Physical Description
    a. Long sleeved, waist-length, double-breasted child’s summer suit jacket with matching shorts and suspenders (b-d) made of lightweight, beige-colored cloth and thread. The jacket has a low, notched collar with wide lapel points and a full-length, six-button placket along the front. The off-white, circular, pearlized buttons with inset centers are arranged in to two columns and sewn along the front opening. One column is stitched to the right side of the jacket and has three corresponding, finished buttonholes on the left. Beyond the buttonholes is the second column of buttons, which have no corresponding holes. Sewn to either side of the placket, just above the bottom hem, is a small U-shaped, patch pocket with an open top. The jacket is loosely fitted and is reinforced with heavier, tan cloth along the interior placket and collar. There is a narrow, tan, cloth hanging loop is sewn to the inner collar and bound seams with blue patterned cloth at the armholes. The unlined jacket is neatly tailored with finished hems on the exterior and raw edged seams inside. There is a partial tear along in inner seam of the right sleeve, at the cuff, and several small holes along the opposite sleeve. There are small, red-brown stains on the inner collar and outer shoulders and runs throughout the cloth from use.

    b. Unlined, knee-length length, child’s summer suit shorts with matching jacket and suspenders (a, c-d) made of lightweight, beige-colored cloth and thread. The hems are neatly finished, as are all of the buttonholes on the shorts. There is a hidden, three-button fly closure with two buttons sewn to the right side of the placket, beneath the reinforced flap. The small, circular, shank buttons are made of light brown plastic. The top button is similar, but larger, and sewn to the inside of the left end of the waistband, above the fly. The narrow waistband is stitched to the top of the shorts, and is reinforced with the same woven cloth as the fly. A hanging loop is centered at the back interior of the band. There are three, narrow cloth beltloops twice the height of the waistband sewn to the exterior band: two at the front and one centered at the back. There are also six finished buttonholes for suspenders (c-d) in the waistband: four on the front, two each between the belt loop and nearest side seam, and two on the back flanking the back beltloop. A slit pocket with an interior pouch is sewn into the side seam, just below the waistband, on both sides. The shorts have a five-inch inseam, and have been taken-in slightly with two long tucks at the back. There are small, red-brown stains on the lower legs, and the weave of the cloth is loose is several places.

    c. Single, rectangular suspender strap from a pair (c-d) for a child’s summer suit with matching jacket and shorts (a-b) made of lightweight, beige-colored cloth and thread. The strap has three finished buttonholes: two at the wider end, and one at the opposite end. There are no buttons on the strap, and the edges are neatly finished. The cloth is discolored overall, and slightly misshapen from use.

    d. Single, rectangular suspender strap from a pair (c-d) for a child’s summer suit with matching jacket and shorts (a-b) made of lightweight, beige-colored cloth and thread. The strap has three finished buttonholes and three buttons: two at the end with no buttons, and one at the end with two buttons. The buttons are small, circular, off-white, and pearlized plastic with thick rims. One of the buttons, on the end with two, is sewn over a buttonhole that has been partially sewn shut. The edges are neatly finished, and the strap is slightly misshapen from use. The cloth is discolored overall and has several small, brown stains.

    e. Small, rectangular patch of lightweight, beige-colored cloth that matches a child’s summer suit (a-b). The piece is folded and has been sewn closed along three sides with beige thread. The cloth is discolored throughout.
    Dimensions
    a: Height: 16.750 inches (42.545 cm) | Width: 11.500 inches (29.21 cm)
    b: Height: 14.875 inches (37.783 cm) | Width: 10.500 inches (26.67 cm)
    c: Height: 27.000 inches (68.58 cm) | Width: 1.500 inches (3.81 cm)
    d: Height: 26.500 inches (67.31 cm) | Width: 1.875 inches (4.763 cm)
    e: Height: 6.000 inches (15.24 cm) | Width: 1.750 inches (4.445 cm)
    Materials
    a : linen, cotton, plastic, thread
    b : linen, cotton, plastic, thread
    c : linen, cotton, plastic, thread
    d : linen, cotton, plastic, thread
    e : linen, cotton, thread

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The suit was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1994 by Joseph Oppenheimer.
    Record last modified:
    2023-06-13 13:36:32
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn90123

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us