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Silver floral embossed candlestick acquired by a former Kindertransport refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2013.476.4

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    Silver floral embossed candlestick acquired by a former Kindertransport refugee
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Silver embossed candlestick, one of a pair, with 2013.476.3, owned by John Peter Eden (formerly Hans Eibuschitz), who escaped Czechoslovakia on a Kindertransport in 1939. The candlesticks were possibly brought to the United States before the war by John’s grandmother and given to him later. After Germany invaded and annexed Czechoslovakia in March 1939, 12 year old Hans, and 9 year old brother Steven were sent to Great Britain on a Kindertransport. Hans was placed in private boarding schools. After graduation, he attended the London School of Economics to study actuarial science. In 1944 or 1945, he began training with the Royal Air Force. The war ended when Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945, before Hans entered active service.
    Date
    creation:  1855
    Geography
    creation: Vienna (Austria)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of The George Washington University and the Estate of John P. Eden
    Markings
    base, stamped, hallmark inside shield
    base, stamped, hallmark : A / 1 / 8 / 5 / 5 / 13 [Vienna 1855 silver fineness 13 loth]
    Contributor
    Subject: John P. Eden
    Biography
    Hans Eibuschitz (later John Eden) was born on November 23, 1927, in Vienna, Austria, to Rudolf and Olga Eibuschitz. He had a brother, Steven, born on June 25, 1930. Hans and his family lived in Czechoslovakia. Rudolf owned a factory that made bicycle gears. The family was Jewish, but not observant. In September 1938, Nazi Germany annexed the Sudetenland border region of Czechoslovakia. On March 15, 1939, Germany invaded and annexed the Bohemia and Moravia provinces, where Hans lived with his family. German allies absorbed other areas and Czechoslovakia ceased to exist. Rudolf and Olga arranged to send Hans and Steven to England on a Kindertransport from Prague. Hans was initially sent to live with a family in northern England, but it did not work out. Hans had distant relatives in England and they placed him in a private boarding school, Mistley Place. Two other Kindertransport children attended the school. After graduating from Clayesmore School, Hans went to London to live with relatives. Steven continued his schooling. Hans enrolled in the London School of Economics to study to be an actuary. In 1944/45, Hans was inducted into the Royal Air Force. He began training, but never entered active service. The war ended when Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945.

    While training with the RAF, Hans, still a Czech citizen, was drafted for service in the Czech Army. He was told to desert the RAF and return to Czechoslovakia. Hans spoke with other Kindertransport refugees about conditions in Czechoslovakia. He disliked the Soviet influence over the Czech government, so he decided to stay in England. He was told that if he ever returned to Czechoslovakia, he would be shot as a military deserter. Hans decided to emigrate to the United States to take advantage of career opportunities for actuaries. He had relatives there, as one of his grandmothers had immigrated to the US before the war. His brother Steven, who changed his last name to Whitelaw, decided to remain in England. On June 21, 1950, Hans sailed from Southampton on the New Amsterdam, arriving in New York on June 28. He settled in New York and changed his name to John Peter Eden. John was drafted into the US Marine Corps and served as a corporal in the Korean War (1950-1953). After the war, he returned to New York. He met Gisela Marx (1925-2012) at a British social club event. Gisela was from Dulken, Germany, and was also rescued on a Kindertransport to England. Her family had perished during the Holocaust. She immigrated to the US in 1952. The couple married in 1958 and settled in Washington DC. Gisela, age 87, passed away on August 20, 2012. John, age 85, died on May 29, 2013.

    Physical Details

    Classification
    Furnishings and Furniture
    Category
    Lighting devices
    Object Type
    Candlesticks (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Lightweight, hollow pressed silver candlestick with a stepped circular base with incised bands. The base mound flattens at the top where the flared base stem is attached. The stem tapers slightly to a protruding band embossed with a flower and leaf garland. The stem then widens to a bulbous center, and tapers up to a second, narrower embossed flower and leaf garland band. The stem then flares outward, with a wide lipped rim, and forms a deep well to insert the candle. There are 2 stamped silver marks.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 9.125 inches (23.178 cm) | Width: 5.125 inches (13.018 cm) | Depth: 4.875 inches (12.383 cm)
    Materials
    overall : silver

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The candlestick was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2013 by The George Washington University, which received the item as a bequest from the Estate of John P. Eden.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2022-09-21 11:06:50
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn90826

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