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Concentration camp uniform jacket with a purple triangle worn by a Jehovah’s Witness inmate

Object | Accession Number: 1989.248.1

Concentration camp uniform jacket with a purple triangle worn by Matthaeus Pibal, a Jehovah’s Witness who was imprisoned in Dachau and Sudelfeld SS Berghaus concentration camps from 1940 to 1945. The purple inverted triangle badge identified him as a Jehovah’s Witness; the white patch above it has his prisoner number 14307. The Nazi regime actively persecuted Jehovah’s Witnesses. Their beliefs did not permit them to put any authority, such as the state, before God, or serve in the military, and the Nazis saw this as subversive. Matthaeus lived in Austria which was annexed by Nazi Germany in March 1938. On April 8, 1940, Matthaeus was arrested by the Gestapo for speaking in public about the Bible. On August 10, he was sent to Dachau concentration camp in Germany. In late summer 1940, Matthaeus was transferred to Sudelfeld, where he worked in the Berghaus, an SS convalescent home. On May 6, 1945, Matthaeus was liberated in Sudelfeld by American forces.

use:  1940 August 10-1945 May 06
use: Dachau (Concentration camp); Dachau (Germany)
use: Sudelfeld (SS-Berghaus) (Concentration camp); Bayrischzell (Germany)
Clothing and Dress
Object Type
Jackets (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Matthaeus Pibal
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:56:33
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