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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 5 kronen note, acquired by a US soldier and NRRA administrator

Object | Accession Number: 1995.17.1

Scrip, valued at 5 kronen, issued in 1943 in Theresienstadt (Terezin) ghetto-labor camp acquired by Mordecai E. Schwart. Schwartz, a soldier in the United States Army, was recruited after the war ended in May 1945 to serve as Area Director for UNRRA. He worked for UNRRA until 1948, when the organization was deactivated. He then became Area Director for the International Refugee Organization (IRO), supervising twenty-eight displaced persons camps in Germany. The DP camps were set up to house and feed, and to provide medical service and legal protection for survivors of the concentration and slave labor camps, and to offer them the chance to reestablish their lives postwar. When IRO was deactivated in 1951, Mordecai was recruited by US Air Force Intelligence. The scrip was issued in Terezin as all currency was confiscated from deportees upon entry and replaced with scrip and ration coupons that could be exchanged only in the camp. The Theresienstadt camp existed for 3.5 years, from November 24, 1941 to May 9, 1945. It was located in a region of Czechoslovakia occupied by Germany, renamed the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and made part of the Greater German Reich.

issue:  1943 January 01
issue: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
received: Germany
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Mordecai E. Schwartz
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:22:45
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