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Concentration camp uniform pants worn by a Polish Jewish prisoner

Object | Accession Number: 1995.57.1

Striped concentration camp uniform pants issued to 21-year-old Jakob Lewkowicz in spring 1944, while imprisoned at Blechhammer concentration camp, in German-occupied Poland. Before the Holocaust, Jakob lived with his parents, Judka and Adele Poremba Lewkowicz, in Będzin, Poland. The German army entered their town on September 4, 1939, three days after the invasion of Poland. At the beginning of 1940, Jakob started working for the city administration. Jakob was sent to St. Annaberg (Góra Świętej Anny), Poland, at the end of 1942, where he was registered as a forced laborer. In early 1943, Jakob was sent to Blechhammer forced labor camp in Blechhammer (now Blachownia Slaska), German-occupied Poland. Jakob was still at Blechhammer in spring 1944 when it became a subcamp of Auschwitz III (Buna-Monowitz) concentration camp. On January 21, 1945, the camp was evacuated, and Jakob was sent on a forced march to Gross-Rosen concentration camp, and later transported to Buchenwald and Schörzingen concentration camps in Germany. In mid-April, he was forced to march toward Dachau concentration camp. On April 22, while marching, Jakob was liberated by American soldiers. After the war, Jakob spent time in Saulgau and Rastatt displaced persons camps near Baden, Germany. Jakob sailed to the United States on January 19, 1950.

Date
issue:  approximately 1944
use:  approximately 1944-1945 April 22
Geography
issue: Blechhammer (Concentration camp); Blachownia Slaska (Poland)
use: Gross-Rosen (Concentration camp); Rogoznica (Wojewodztwo Dolnoslaskie, Poland)
use: Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
use: Schorzingen (Concentration camp); Schorzingen (Germany)
Classification
Clothing and Dress
Object Type
Pants (lcsh)
Genre/Form
Prison uniforms.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jakob Lewkowicz
 
Record last modified: 2021-06-03 08:42:10
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn9867