Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Identity card of Bertha (Wolffberg) Gottschalk, probably used to collect mail at the post office.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 08942

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Identity card of Bertha (Wolffberg) Gottschalk, probably used to collect mail at the post office.
    Identity card of Bertha (Wolffberg) Gottschalk, probably used to collect mail at the post office.


    Identity card of Bertha (Wolffberg) Gottschalk, probably used to collect mail at the post office.
    1938 June 20
    Berlin, [Berlin] Germany
    Variant Locale
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of George Fogelson

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: George Fogelson
    Source Record ID: Collections: 2003.353

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Bertha (Wolffberg) Gottschalk, born September 22, 1866 in Koenigsberg. She was deported from Berlin to Theresienstadt in 1942, where she perished on November 23, 1942.

    Hilde (Anker) Fogelson (the mother of donor, George Fogelson), was the daughter of Georg and Gertrud (Gottschalk) Anker. Hilde was born on May 29, 1926 in Berlin. She had two older sisters, Eva (b. 1922) and Dodi (b. 1924). Hilde's paternal grandfather, Simon Anker (d.1935), was a wealthy grain merchant in Danzig and the head of a household of twelve children. He was a prominent member of the local Jewish community, who served as president of the main synagogue and patron of the Bar Kochba sports club. He donated his villa to the sports club which became known as Ankerhaus. Hilde's father, Georg, left Danzig and settled in Berlin, where he ran a men's clothing business. There he married Gertrud Gottschalk, the daughter of Hugo and Berthe (Wolffberg) Gottschalk from Schlawe (Pomerania). Hugo owned the town's grain mill, which had been in the family since 1873. Gertrud had three older siblings, Nanny (Gottschalk) Lewin (b. 1888), Bruno (who died prematurely in 1911) and Kaethe (Gottschalk) Knipfer (b. 1892). Hugo died before the war on July 31, 1934. After his death Berthe and Nanny moved to Berlin hoping that in the city they would be less conspicuous targets for antisemites. They moved downstairs from Kaethe, who had married a Protestant and converted. Berthe had an opportunity to come to America in 1941, but she refused to leave without Nanny. In 1942 Berthe and Nanny were deported to Theresienstadt, where Berthe perished on November 23, 1942. Nanny was deported to Auschwitz on May 15, 1944 and killed immediately. Her daughter Ursela was also killed in Auschwitz after having been deported from Berlin on March 12, 1943. Despite her conversion, Kaethe was eventually deported to Theresienstadt as well. She survived. Gertrud and Georg left Germany and immigrated to the United States in July 1939. Their three daughters, Eva, Dodi and Hilde, were sent to England with a Kindertransport on June 14, 1939 and joined their parents in America in October 1940. The family settled in Van Nuys, California.
    Record last modified:
    2005-06-07 00:00:00
    This page:

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us