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Sewer manhole cover from Warsaw.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: N00307

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    Sewer manhole cover from Warsaw.
    Sewer manhole cover from Warsaw.


    Sewer manhole cover from Warsaw.
    1900 - 1945
    Warsaw, Poland
    Variant Locale
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Warsaw City Authority
    Event History
    This type of sewer manhole cover is typical for the center of Warsaw, former location of the ghetto. The sewers were used as both a means of escape for members of the resistance and a way to smuggle material in and out of the ghetto. During the Warsaw uprising of August 1944, Jewish survivors of the Warsaw ghetto who were living in hiding on the "Aryan side" served as guides through the sewers for Polish underground fighters.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Warsaw City Authority
    Source Record ID: Collections: 1990.293.1b

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Artifact Geography
    Washington, DC United States
    Artifact Photographer
    Arnold Kramer
    Record last modified:
    2005-04-14 00:00:00
    This page:

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