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Jewish youth in hiding pose with other agricultural workers on a ladder next to a haystack on a farm in Treves.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 33022

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    Jewish youth in hiding pose with other agricultural workers on a ladder next to a haystack on a farm in Treves.
    Jewish youth in hiding pose with other agricultural workers on a ladder next to a haystack on a farm in Treves.

Among those pictured are Julien Bluschtein (bottom left) and Herbert Kaliner (top).


    Jewish youth in hiding pose with other agricultural workers on a ladder next to a haystack on a farm in Treves.

    Among those pictured are Julien Bluschtein (bottom left) and Herbert Kaliner (top).
    Treves, [Gard] France
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Julien Bluchetin [formerly Bluschtein]

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Julien Bluchetin [formerly Bluschtein]

    Keywords & Subjects

    Photo Designation
    RESCUERS & RESCUED -- France

    Administrative Notes

    Julien Bluchetin (born Julien Bluschtein) was born on October 9, 1923 in Duisburg-Hamborn, Germany. His parents, Abram and Adele (Knecht) Bluschtein, were Polish Jews who had immigrated to Germany in the 1920s. Julien and his younger brother Arnold grew up in Duisburg, where their father worked as a tailor. In 1934 the Bluschteins moved to Paris, where they settled in the Jewish neighborhood of Belleville. In the spring of 1942 Julien and Arnold were taken under the protection of the OSE (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants). After spending a few days at the OSE children's home in Chabannes, the two were sent to another home in Masgelier. There the brothers lived for almost a year before Julien moved to the Eclaireurs Israelites de France hachshara [Zionist training farm] in Taluyers near Lyon. A few weeks later he was given false identification papers and placed on a farm in nearby Treve. The peasant family with whom he lived was unaware that he was Jewish. Julien continued to live on the farm until the liberation of Treve in August 1944. Shortly thereafter he returned to Paris, where he was employed by the World Jewish Congress for several years. Julien's parents and brother also survived the war in hiding.

    Herbert Karliner is the son of Joseph and Martha (Weissler) Karliner. He was born in Peiskretscham (Silesia), Germany on September 3, 1926. Herbert had three siblings: an older sister, Ilse (b. 1923), an older brother, Walter (b. 1924), and a younger sister, Ruth (b. 1927). The family owned a grocery store, which Martha managed much of the time while Joseph was engaged in the horse trade. On Kristallnacht the store was destroyed and Joseph was sent to Buchenwald. He was released two months later after Martha secured a visa for him to travel to Shanghai. Since the visa was for Joseph alone, the family sought other means to emigrate. The Karliners booked passage on the MS St. Louis to Cuba. When the ship was forced to return to Europe in June 1939, the Karliners were given refuge in France. Walter and his two younger siblings, Herbert and Ruth, were placed in an OSE children's home near Paris called the Villa Helvetia, where they remained until September. After the outbreak of the world war, the children were removed to the Chaumont home in Creuse. There, Walter worked for a cabinet maker and Herbert, for a baker. Ruth returned to her parents and older sister in Mirebeau. In 1941 Walter moved from Chaumont to Montintin, another OSE home, where he would be able to study cabinetry. On August 26, 1942, French gendarmes conducted a raid on Chaumont and arrested all children over the age of sixteen including Herbert. He was released after proving that he was in fact, a week shy of his sixteenth birthday. However rather than return to the home, the OSE transferred him to the Masgelier children's home where he remained for the next half year. In February 1943, fearing an anticipated raid, Herbert and a friend, Julien Bluchstein, fled south. They hoped to meet up with Walter but he was no longer in Montintin, so the two continued south towards the Spanish border. However when they neared the border, members of the underground told them they could no longer safely cross and directed them to go to Lyon and await directions how to cross into Switzerland. From Lyon they went to Annemasse and learned that it was impossible to cross into Switzerland. Instead they went to a farm in Tayulers run by religious Zionist members of the Eclaireurs Israelites. Since the farm already had too many refugees, the boys were then sent to Treves where they lived in safely until their liberation in 1944. After liberation, Herbert lived in a number of OSE homes including Masgelier, Poulouzat and Rue Rollin. Walter spent the last two years of the war in many settings, including a mental asylum in Narbonne and a farm in Castelsarrasin. In 1943 or 1944 the Eclaireurs Israelites de France underground sent Walter to Saint Junien [Haute Vienne] to live at a home for boys run by the Vichy paramilitary youth movement, Moissons Nouvelles. After the liberation Herbert and Walter reunited in Paris. They were the only survivors of their family. Their mother and sisters had been deported to Auschwitz via Drancy in October 1942; their father met a similar fate a year later. The brothers went to live at the Hotel du Moulin, a home for boys run by the Eclaireurs Israelites in Moissac, where Walter worked as an instructor in cabinetry. In December 1946 the two brothers immigrated to the United States.
    Record last modified:
    2004-11-19 00:00:00
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