1947 October 23 - 1947 November 01
- Berlin, [Berlin] Germany
- Variant Locale
- Photo Credit
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Central Archive of the Federal Security Service
- Event History
- On October 23, 1947 fifteen former Sachsenhausen concentration camp personnel and one former prisoner were brought to trial before a Soviet Military Tribunal in Berlin. Among the defendants were Anton Kaindl, the former commandant, and Paul Sakowski, a kapo who had served as an executioner. The findings were announced on November 1, 1947 after only a brief trial. All sixteen were found guilty. Fifteen of the defendants were sentenced to life in prison with forced labor and one, to fifteen years in prison with forced labor.
Rights & Restrictions
- Photo Source
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial MuseumProvenance: Central Archive of the Federal Security ServiceSource Record ID: Collections: RG-06.025*26Second Record ID: KGB Archives: N-19092, Appendix - - file 2294
Keywords & Subjects
- Martin Knittler was born in 1916 in Fuerst, Germany. He volunteered for the Waffen-SS in 1936 and was placed in the 2nd "Brandenburg" regiment of the SS Totenkopfstandart. He joined the Nazi Party in 1937, and from April 1938 until April 1945 he was a Blockfuehrer in Sachsenhausen. In August of 1941, when he was head of a block of Soviet POWs, he oversaw their extermination and brought two thousand five hundred to be executed. He also single-handedly killed fifty-one men in the crematoria and took part in the hanging of two Poles. He was charged with brutally mistreating prisoners, and following his trial, he was sentenced by a Soviet Military Tribunal to life in prison with forced labor.
- Record last modified:
- 2003-03-28 00:00:00
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