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Passport issued to Eva Rosenbaum a few days before she left on a Kindertransport to England.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 38319

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    Passport issued to Eva Rosenbaum a few days before she left on a Kindertransport to England.
    Passport issued to Eva Rosenbaum a few days before she left on a Kindertransport to England.


    Passport issued to Eva Rosenbaum a few days before she left on a Kindertransport to England.
    1938 December 08
    Hamburg, [Hansestadt] Germany
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Eva Rosenbaum Abraham-Podietz
    Event History
    Between December 1938 and September 1939, close to 10,000 unaccompanied refugee children from central Europe were permitted entry into Great Britain. They arrived in a series of transports which came to be known as the Kindertransports. The first group, which arrived in Harwich via the Hook of Holland on December 2, 1938, consisted of 200 children between the ages of 12 and 17 from Berlin and Hamburg. The second group, which arrived December 12, consisted of 502 children from Vienna. The third group, which arrived December 15, consisted of 370 children from northern Germany, especially Hamburg and Berlin. Seventy percent of the children were Jewish and were chosen by the central Jewish organizations in Germany, Austria, and Czechoslovakia. An additional 500 children were brought in as members of Youth Aliyah groups, and 1,350 arrived as agricultural trainees. The children were divided into two categories: those guaranteed by private sponsors and those under the auspices of the Refugee Children's Movement (RCM). In addition to the RCM and its local committees, several Jewish organizations assisted the refugee children. Upon their arrival in Britain, the children were housed in temporary reception camps, such as the Dovercourt Bay, Pakefield, and Broadstairs holiday camps. After a few weeks they were taken to foster homes or hostels throughout the country. Others lived on agricultural training farms set up by the Youth Aliyah organization in Britain.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Eva Rosenbaum Abraham-Podietz

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Eva Abraham-Podietz (born Eva Rosenbaum) is the daughter of Ernst and Else (Jacobus) Rosenbaum. She was born on May 22, 1927 in Hamburg, Germany, where her father was in the import-export business. She had one brother, Heinz-Peter (b. 1924). During the summer of 1938 Eva's father moved to England and made preparations for his family to join him. Heinz-Peter followed him in September, after being sponsored by Mrs. Marder, a British woman who provided sponsorship to a number of German Jewish refugee children. On December 12, 1938 Eva left for England on the second Kindertransport. After arriving in Harwich, she was taken to a temporary shelter at the nearby Dovercourt Bay holiday camp. A few weeks later Eva was sent to live with a foster family in Nottingham, where she worked as a nanny for their two-year-old daughter. Neither Eva nor her brother, who was living with another family in Nottingham, could join their father, who did not have the means to house and support them. Eva's mother was the last to reach England, arriving in August 1939, only a short time before the outbreak of WWII. After her parents found an apartment in London, Eva moved in with them. A few weeks later, however, she was evacuated with her new classmates to Northampton, where she stayed with a series of foster families over the next three years. In the fall of 1942 Eva returned to London, where she matriculated and received training as a teacher and social worker. After the war Eva worked for the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee assisting Jewish displaced persons in Germany and Brazil.
    Record last modified:
    2005-05-16 00:00:00
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