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German police escort a group of Jews along a snow covered street during a deportation action in Zawiercie.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 38661

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    German police escort a group of Jews along a snow covered street during a deportation action in Zawiercie.
    German police escort a group of Jews along a snow covered street during a deportation action in Zawiercie.

    Overview

    Caption
    German police escort a group of Jews along a snow covered street during a deportation action in Zawiercie.
    Date
    Circa 1943
    Locale
    Zawiercie, [Katowice] Poland
    Variant Locale
    Zavertse
    Warthenau
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Benjamin (Miedzyrzecki) Meed
    Event History
    In 1939 there were approximately 7,000 Jews in Zawiercie. On September 2, 1939 about 2,000 of them fled as German troops occupied the city. During the first days of the occupation all Jewish males between the ages of 17 and 50 were ordered to assemble in the market square. They were detained and tortured for nine days before being released. A formal ghetto was established in Zawiercie in the summer of 1940. That fall about 500 young Jews were deported to labor camps in Germany. In a deportation action that took place in May 1942 approximately 2,000 Jews were sent to Auschwitz. The ghetto was finally liquidated on August 26, 1943, when most of the remaining Jews were deported to Auschwitz. During the deportation action 100 Jews were shot on the spot. The 500 remaining Jews were kept at the newly established Zawiercie labor camp, which was subsequently liquidated on October 17, 1943.

    "Zawiercie" in Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, Volume 2, Part A.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Benjamin (Miedzyrzecki) Meed
    Source Record ID: Collections: 1989.237.20
    YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
    Copyright: Agency Agreement
    Provenance: Victor Cooper
    Source Record ID: Poland 1939-45: Zawiercie 08

    Keywords & Subjects

    Photo Designation
    GHETTOS (MINOR) -- (Z)
    Record last modified:
    2011-06-30 00:00:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/pa1128245

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