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A painting by artist Sophia Kalski.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: N10947

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    A painting by artist Sophia Kalski.
    A painting by artist Sophia Kalski.


    A painting by artist Sophia Kalski.
    Lvov, [Ukraine; Lvov] Poland
    Variant Locale
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Sophia Kalski

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: Sophia Kalski
    Source Record ID: Collections: 2004.698

    Keywords & Subjects

    Photo Designation
    ART -- Contemporary

    Administrative Notes

    Artifact Photographer
    Max Reid
    Sophia Kalski (born Sofia Zosia Korpoltz) is the daughter of Nachum and Sidonia (nee Stern) Korpoltz. She was born on January 1, 1933 in Trembowla, Poland (near Tarnopol), where her father was a radio technician. After the German invasion of Poland in September 1939, Trembowla came under Soviet occupation for a year and a half. Then, in June 1941 Germany launched an attack on the Soviet Union, and the town was occupied by the Germans. A ghetto in Trembowla was established in September 1942. Nachum Korppltz managed to escape to Lvov, while Zosia stayed in her grandfather's house. Her father then found a hiding place for Zosia, since she was blond and did not look Jewish. However, her rescuers became afraid and decided they could not keep her. Zosia was forced to return to the Lvov ghetto, which at that point was still open. In the fall of 1942 the Lvov ghetto was hermetically sealed. Zosia was then nine and a half years old. During one of the deportations to the Belzec death camp, Zosia hid for two days in a building on Zamarstynowska Street. A few months later, Zosia's father, Nachum Natan Korpoltz, contracted typhus and was taken to a hospital where he died at the end of January 1943. During the following deportation Aktion, Zosia hid all by herself. She stayed in the ghetto until the end of March 1943, when she managed to escape through a hole in the fence surrounding the ghetto. She managed to reach Trembowla where she was smuggled into the ghetto and remained there for about three months. In May 1943 Zosia and her mother Sidonia managed to reach the house in Humnyska village (Umniska), about 10 km. west of Trembowla. They were helped by Anna and Wojtek Gutonski. Zosia and her mother stayed with them for about eight months; they were hidden in a hole in the ground until their liberation by the Soviet Army. Yad Vashem later honored Paulina Koblenko, the daughter of Anna and Wojtek Gutonski, as Righteous Among the Nations.
    Record last modified:
    2005-06-27 00:00:00
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