The Museum’s Collections document the fate of Holocaust victims, survivors, rescuers, liberators, and others through artifacts, documents, photos, films, books, personal stories, and more. Search below to view digital records and find material that you can access at our library and at the Shapell Center.
Marcia Shapiro daughter Leib (later Louis) Szapiro and Jenta (later Helen) nee Dobes Szapiro. Leib was born in Pruzhany Poland on May 5, 1913 to Moisze and Albernah Szapiro. Leib married before the war and had two children. His wife and children later perished in the Holocaust. Before the war, Leib belonged to the Zionist movement, Ha'Shomer Hatzair. From Pruzhany, Leib was deported to Auschwitz where he was tattooed with number 99471. He and his Ha"Shomer friends organized the people from Pruzhany while in Auschwitz and pooled their food to give to the weakest members of the group. (They later were honored in the Pinchas Pruzhany after the war.) He also was incarcerated in the Dachau sub-camp of Allach. After liberation he went to the Feldafing displaced persons camp and worked in the UNRRA office.
Jenta Dobes was also born in Pruzhany on August 17, 1917. Around 1935 she moved to Vilna to live with her aunt. She married within a few months of her move and had a son named Reuven. After her husband was drafted into the Russian army, she remained in Vilna living with his parents. In 1941 she was forced to relocate to the Vilna ghetto where she lived with her aunt and son. Reuven died when he was about three years old. Afterwards her aunt hung herself. When the Vilna ghetto was emptied, she was in a number of labor camps. Following liberation Jenta made her way to the Feldafing displaced persons camp where she met Leib Szapiro. They married in March 1945. On November 3, 1947 they immigrated to the United States on board the Marine Tiger. Both Helen and Louis had extended families including parents, siblings, aunts and uncles and cousins but each was the sole survivor of their families in Europe.
Learn about over 1,000 camps and ghettos in Volume I and II of this encyclopedia, which are available as a free PDF download. This reference provides text, photographs, charts, maps, and extensive indexes.