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View of the evacuation train headed from Bergen-Belsen to Theresienstadt and liberated by the Americans near Farsleben.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 68130

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    View of the evacuation train headed from Bergen-Belsen to Theresienstadt and liberated by the Americans near Farsleben.
    View of the evacuation train headed from Bergen-Belsen to Theresienstadt and liberated by the Americans near Farsleben.

    Overview

    Caption
    View of the evacuation train headed from Bergen-Belsen to Theresienstadt and liberated by the Americans near Farsleben.
    Date
    1945 April 13
    Locale
    Farsleben, [Prussian Saxony] Germany
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of George Gross
    Event History
    American troops of the 743rd Tank Battalion and the 30th Infantry Division came upon a railroad in Farsleben outside of Magdeburg. The train consisted of both cattle and passenger cars and contained approximately 2,500 concentration camp inmates, primarily Jewish. Many of the prisoners died during the transit, and most of the survivors were suffering from severe malnutrition and lack of medical attention.This train was one of three that left Bergen-Belsen between April 6 and 10 bound for Theresienstadt. The prisoners all held papers from neutral and non-European countries. Only one train arrived in Theresienstadt; the third was liberated by Soviet forces outside of Troebitz.

    https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005131. https://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10008065.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: George Gross

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Biography
    George Gross served as a tank commander with the 743rd Tank Battalion.

    On "Friday, the 13th of April, 1945, led by their major scouting in a jeep, Tanks 12 and 13 of the 743rd Tank Battalion of the U.S. Army have just liberated a train transport with thousands of sick and emaciated victims of the Holocaust. Major Clarence L. Benjamin snaps the photograph at the moment of liberation.

    Tank 12 was commanded by Sgt. Carrol Walsh. Tank 13 was commanded by Sgt. George Gross. In 2001, Walsh was interviewed by USHMM teacher fellow Matthew Rozell, who was then directed to this photograph taken by the commanding officer and in the possession of George Gross, who had also taken several photographs of the liberation. Gross later became a professor of English literature at San Diego State University before passing away in 2009. Walsh retired as a New York State Supreme Court justice, passing away in 2012." information provided by Matthew Rozell
    Record last modified:
    2014-05-05 00:00:00
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/pa1178290

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