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The Tauschers, (Austrian Jewish refugees) pose with a Trinidadian family.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 75948

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    The Tauschers, (Austrian Jewish refugees) pose with a Trinidadian family.
    The Tauschers, (Austrian Jewish refugees)  pose with a Trinidadian family.

    Overview

    Caption
    The Tauschers, (Austrian Jewish refugees) pose with a Trinidadian family.
    Date
    1938 - 1940
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of John and Alice Morawetz

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    Provenance: John and Alice Morawetz
    Source Record ID: Collections: 2005.282.1

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Biography
    John (originally Hans) Morawetz and Alice Morawetz (nee Tauscher) were both born in Vienna. Hans Morawetz was born on April 21, 1921, in Vienna, Austria, to Franz Josef, born on November 25, 1873 in Piessling, Czechoslovakia, and Therese Sinaiberger, born in April 1894. They married on December 22, 1918, in Vienna. Hans had an older brother, Walter, born in 1919. His father was in business and they were a prosperous Jewish family. Hans was trained in the fine leather work trade. In March 1938, Nazi Germany annexed Austria and established punitive anti-Jewish policies. Hans and his family were forced to leave their seven room apartment and move into a single room. His father was able to obtain immigration visas for the United States for Hans, Therese, and Walter. His father had purchased an affidavit for Hans from the Jewish Cultural Organization of Vienna which testified that Hans was as essential employee who performed urgent work and his skills were necessary abroad. In May 1940, the three left Vienna by train for Genoa, Italy. From there, they embarked on the SS United States, one of the last ships to leave Europe during the war, arriving in New York on May 29. Franz was deported on July 29, 1942, from Vienna to Theresienstadt concentration camp. In 1944, he was transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp and murdered. Hans, now John, was drafted into the US Army in 1943. He participated in the Normandy invasion in June 1944 and remained in Europe through January 1946. He served in the Intelligence Corps, was a military policeman, and was decorated for his service. His brother, Walter, served in the US Air Force from 1943-1946, including a year and a half in the European theater. Hans married Alice Tauscher, a Jewish refugee from Vienna, in the Bronx on March 19, 1949. John became an economist and worked in book publishing. The couple had a daughter.

    Alice Tauscher was born in Vienna, Austria, on October 10, 1928, to Erich, born June 16, 1891, and Bertha Stecher Tauscher, born March 2, 1896. She had an older sister, Trudie, born in 1926. Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany in March 1938, and soon Jews were targeted with anti-Semitic legislation. The Gestapo confiscated Erich's watch business and he was arrested during the November Kristallnacht pogrom. His wife was able to get him released prior to deportation to Dachau concentration camp by showing the German authorities their applications for immigration permits for Trinidad. The family fled Austria by train to Amsterdam on November 24, 1938. From there, they sailed on the Simon Bolivar to Trinidad. Upon arrival in Trinidad, they were interned as enemy aliens because of their Austrian nationality; men were held on Nelson Island and women on Caledonia Island. The family was joined by Bertha's brother Victor and his family, who also immigrated to Trinidad from Vienna. After a few months, they were moved to the newly constructed internment camp in Port of Spain. Alice and the other Jewish refugee children were allowed to attend Catholic school. In November 1940, the family left for New York on the banana boat, Medea. They were able to immigrate to the United States because relatives in the US, Becki Sender and Manny Hirsh, had submitted affidavits of support to the US consul. The family settled in New York City. Alice married a fellow Viennese refugee, John (Hans) Morawetz, in Bronx, NY, on March 19, 1949.
    Record last modified:
    2014-12-31 00:00:00
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