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Portrait of Otto Abetz.

Photograph | Digitized | Photograph Number: 77556

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    Portrait of Otto Abetz.
    Portrait of Otto Abetz.


    Portrait of Otto Abetz.
    1933 - 1945
    Photo Credit
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration, College Park

    Rights & Restrictions

    Photo Source
    National Archives and Records Administration, College Park
    Copyright: Public Domain
    Source Record ID: 306-NT-1-B-1
    Yad Vashem Photo and Film Archives
    Copyright: Agency Agreement
    Published Source
    Encyclopedia of the Holocaust - Gutman, Israel (ed.) - MacMillan

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Otto Abetz (1903-1958), SS-Brigadefuehrer and the German ambassador to the Vichy French government. Abetz joined the NSDAP in 1931. Because of his knowledge of France, he was assigned to the "Ribbentrop Office" in Paris. Abetz first gained international recognition when he attended the 1938 Munich Conference. In 1939 he was dismissed in connection with actions taken against the Calougards, a secret fascist organization, but he returned to Paris in August 1940 as the German ambassador. While in Paris Abetz advised the German military administration as well as arranged the deportations of Jews. He was responsible for arranging the meeting between Hitler and Henri Petain in Montoire in October 1940. Abetz was arrested by the Allies in 1945 and was found guilty of deporting Jews and various other crimes, for which he was sentenced to twenty years hard labor in 1949. He was released in 1954, but died in an automobile accident on May 5, 1958. It is believed that his death was a revenge killing by former French Resistance fighters.

    [Sources: Zentner, Christian. "Encyclopedia of the Third Reich." MacMillan, 1991; Gutman, Israel. "Encyclopedia of the Holocaust." MacMillan, 1990.]
    Record last modified:
    2004-10-19 00:00:00
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