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Oral history interview with Tamara Dmitrenko

Oral History | Accession Number: 2005.595.5 | RG Number: RG-50.575.0005

Tamara Dmitrenko, born in 1924 in Ukraine, describes the beginning of the occupation of Odessa by Romanian and German forces in 1941; the raid on and persecution of Jewish families; studying before the war in a German school and having many Jewish friends; an order to keep all doors and windows open in 1941; Romanian soldiers driving Jews out of their homes; Romanian soldiers coming into homes during the night and sexually assaulting women; the relocation of the city’s Jews to the ghetto in Slobodka; attempts of some Jews to go into hiding; the attitude and behavior of the local citizens during the relocation of Jews to the ghetto; life for Jews in the ghetto; local citizens who brought food to Jews in the ghetto; the length of time Jews stayed in the ghetto until they were driven out and murdered; the sight of people who had been hanged; a Jewish woman who initially left her baby with the family of the witness when relocated to the ghetto, and then retrieved it the next day; her mother who brought food to Jews in the local jail; the efforts of an acquaintance to hide her Jewish husband; the lack of water in the city; the sight of a Jewish family being driven out into the street by Romanian soldiers and then hanged; the building of gallows; an escalation of the mass murder of Jews in 1942; the development of the city of Odessa during the occupation; the looting of Jewish belongings and occupation of Jewish homes by local residents; liberation by Soviet forces; and the relationship between Soviet soldiers and local residents.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Tamara Dmitrenko
interview:  2005 July 27
1 videocassette (MiniDV).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2021-02-16 15:53:00
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