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Oral history interview with Vilen Krupsky

Oral History | Accession Number: 2005.595.6 | RG Number: RG-50.575.0006

Vilen Krupsky, born in 1931 in Odessa, Ukraine, discusses the German-Romanian occupation of his birthplace; his Russian mother and Jewish father; the death of his father who had been a communist; moving to a new region of Odessa after the outbreak of war; the invasion of Odessa by German troops, and later Romanian soldiers in 1941; house-to-house searches conducted to search for Jews and communists; numerous arrests during the initial days of occupation; a round-up of Jewish neighbors in their courtyard; being reported to the police as a result of his background; enduring multiple interrogations; his mother’s friendship with the family of a policeman; the policeman’s help in easing the restrictions on his family; the sight of gallows; partisan activity in Odessa prompting harsh retaliation by German forces; two groups of Jews who were arrested by the Romanian patrol and forced to march through the streets; hiding in the attic of the policeman and in military trenches in his neighborhood; trips his mother took outside the city to trade personal items for food; his arrest and placement in the Jewish ghetto; life in the ghetto, including overcrowding and hunger; his mother’s attempt to find medication for his sick younger brother; his mother’s purchase of their release in 1942 by giving items of gold to a camp guard; liberation by the Soviet Army in 1944; and the unruly behavior of the SMERSH forces in the Soviet Army.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Vilen Krupsky
interview:  2005 July 27
1 videocassette (MiniDV).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2021-02-16 15:53:00
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